Health buzz – Fear of long words BY: Tim

Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia

 

I chose this issue because it was Ironic, Sad and i wanted to know how the people with this phobia would react to long words.  This affects me because I live in an international school and I move to different countries a lot. Moving to different countries means that I might then have a chance of meeting someone with this fear so I might be able to help them with this issue. I already knew before i started researching it was the fear of long words or else I didn’t really know anything about the topic.  This issue affects teenagers mostly because friendships are very important at that age. If people think the people who have this phobia are weird they probably don’t want to be friends with them.

I learnt about this issue because the word is sort of Ironic and it’s an interesting word. This expanded my learning of phobias. I found the symptoms really interesting because of what they would do and just words can be scary. Some problems with this issue could be in school as a teenager learning long words could make them start crying run away and have anxiety attacks. This influences my learning in wellness by learning that there is so many parts of wellness and  Phobias are one of them.

 

Suicide: Why people do it, how to help, and warning signs- Fiona Foley

I chose this issue because I wanted to understand why people choose to commit suicide.  Another reason that I wanted to do do this was because of the book, 13 Reasons Why, by Jay Asher. The book is about a teenage girl who commits suicide and sends tapes out to the 13 people who had an influence o her decisions.  This issue affects teenagers because all teens go through stages where they feel uncertain and scared and uncomfortable about themselves and the life that they are living and one thought that probably goes through their brain is about suicide and maybe death.  I learned that people kill themselves to get away from the problem, they have made a big mistake, they are depressed, or they just want to die.

I learned that there are many reasons that people commit suicide, social concerns and mental health concerns. I also learned that you can stop a person from killing themselves by simply listening to them and showing that you care.  This topic is relevant to wellness because one cause of suicide is depression and depression is an indication of mental health problems.

This is a semi colin, it is a symbol of surviving or stopping suicidal thoughts or attempts.   The semi colin is used because the author could have ended the sentence but she continued it. The person who survived or chose to stop the attempts and thoughts could have stopped their life forever but instead they chose to continue it.

Social Media by Haruka Karaki

I chose this topic because right now many people are getting addicted to it and it is affecting many people. Social media also affects me because when I starts to watch anime or youtube or look at Instagram I can’t stop playing around with it. Sometimes I ended up staying up late and did nothing. So I limited myself. I said that I’m only going to watch 1 episode each day. Or don’t even watch it. I knew that social media is addicting but I still play around with it because it’s fun.

I learned ways to stop you from playing around with social media. You can turn off the notifications, make new hobbies, meet people in real life, remove cellphone apps that you usually play around with, limit yourself and spend more time with your family and your friends.

Cheshna – Malaria

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The topic I chose was malaria. I chose this topic because I wanted to find out how dangerous malaria actually is and what types of mosquitoes transmit the disease. It doesn’t really affect me but it bugs me that so many people die from this disease every year and I barely see anyone take any precautions. This might affect teenagers because malaria kills mostly children every year and teenagers are still kind of children.

I learned that malaria can be transmitted by the bite of a female anopheles mosquito and that the symptoms can be very mild or very severe and it can take from 9 – 40 days for the symptoms to show. Malaria kills an estimated 660,000 people per year and I think the reason that so many people die from malaria is because they don’t take enough precautions. For example, when you go out for a walk in the park or outside you should be wearing mosquito repellent or a mosquito band or even a mosquito sticker. A female anopheles can bite anyone, it doesn’t matter if you’re a kid or an adult, it will bite anyone and the person will get symptoms such as moderate to severe shaking chills, high fever, sweating, headache, vomiting, and diarrhea. I knew that this disease was a dangerous disease but I never actually knew how many people it killed per year and what the symptoms really were but now my thinking has changed because I have learnt that malaria is deadlier than I thought.

This picture shows an anopheles mosquito (the mosquito that spreads malaria)

Akshaya-Music

My topic is music. I chose this topic because I use music to relax and relieve stress and it work! I wanted to find out why. Music can help reduce depression and relieve stress. It can also make you feel better by releasing the feel good chemical, dopamine. Many teenagers have anxiety and depression. It can reduce the pain for depression for up to 25%.

 Music affects your exercise, effects health, affects parts of you, and reduces stress.  The tempo of the music can effect the heart rate of a person. When they listen to lively music then their heart rate increases and if they listen to slow music then the heart rate reduces. It doesn’t matter wether the person likes the song or not it can reduce heart rate This is how a person can relax by listening to music. Classical music has the main effects on people but if you listen to to load music then it could just be distracting.  Listening to music can reduce  pain from a range of conditions, such as osteoarthritis, disc problems and rheumatoid arthritis, by up to 21% and depression by up to 25%.  people with high blood pressure by listening to classical music can control themselves to lower it down. Music can  improve memory and memory and the sharpness of the brain.  Music is like an exercise to the brain. It keeps an ageing brain healthy. Listening everyday can help improve stress levels. But it depends on the type of music. People react to the music in different ways.  It depends on the situation and the individual.  You have to listen to music that you like and effects you positively. Music can have a positive effect on your mood and reduce anxiety and depression. It can also make you feel exited sad or happy or even pumped up. Music releases dopamine which is the feel good chemical which makes you feel positive. 

 

Dissociative Identity Disorder – Amina Konysbayeva

The health issue I would like to present today is Dissociative Identity Disorder (formerly known as Multiple Identity Disorder. This issue is important because many people don’t know what this disorder is. Therefore it can be misunderstood very easily. I picked this issue because I thought it was a very interesting and I wanted to understand it better.

This issue affects teenagers because recently it was mentioned in a film called, Split. D.I.D. was represented as something quite terrifying but it was very exaggerated. Most people with the disorder have been abused and the main character in the film is shown as the abuser. This doesn’t add up because the people with D.I.D. would strive to be unlike their tormentors not one of them. Finally, most people with D.I.D. are depressed, self harm and are suicidal so becoming violent is extremely unlikely.

D.I.D. is a severe mental disorder where a person feels disconnected from their thoughts, feelings, actions and overall identity. The number one cause of D.I.D. is trauma (severe and/or prolonged) that was usually experienced in childhood. Another popular cause is mental, physical, sexual and emotional abuse also experienced during childhood. It can also be caused by the lack of comfort and care given after trauma/abuse, the ability to generally be able to dissociate easily and finally, using dissociation as a protection blanket to cope with trauma. Dissociation causes them to have what is known as, multiple personalities which causes odd memory loss when the personalities switch control.

This shows how people with D.I.D. can have multiple personalities with different ages, genders, lifestyles and so on.

Because of the symptoms of D.I.D. (depression, suicidal thoughts, self harm, etc) the medication prescribed are anti-depressants. But there hasn’t been enough funding for research so that they can make something to deal with the dissociation. At the moment, there is therapy of different kinds available such as: family therapy, cognitive therapy, creative therapy and psychotherapy. Hopefully, if more come to know about this issue there will be more research into it.

To conclude, I think this issue is important to know about becasue if you come in contact with someone with D.I.D. you should know that they aren’t dangerous. In fact, they could be more of a threat to themselves than to you. To help solve this problem, never harm children.

Pilar- The importance of a proper nutrition in the Philippines

Why did I choose this issue?  I chose this issue because in the country that we live on there are many kids which have many health issues because of poor nutritions. And I wanted to research about why, so I found out many families cannot afford a proper nutrition like we can, so they buy rice that it’s cheap and they are full for the rest of the day. So why do they eat it? Many people do not know that eating rice alone in every meal is not good for their health so they just eat it. So why is it important? it important that this families learn that not having a proper nutrition is important because they can get ill very easily and in many ways, such us diabetes, cancer, physical growth, brain development, increase risk of obesity and more…

What did I learn about this issue? I learned that as people cannot afford a healthy alimentation they just eat rice and they don’t really care because they don’t know that it is not good for them so as I was researching there was a man that just said “to feel full just eat rice” it is true that you get full fast but that is not right you’r plate should always be separated into four groups and those are Grains, Proteins, Fruits, and Vegetables that is what kids should it to grow up healthy and strong. How has my thinking changed? It changed because I didn’t know that the food could give you such terrible sicknesses, and who would have guessed that many Filipinos got this sicknesses because of their poor nutrition. What is my thinking about this issue? I think it was a really interesting topic to research about  since our country that we live in is having so much problems because many people cannot afford a complete healthy dish to have a proper nutrition.  

Color Blindness / Catarina

Color blindness is a rare condition identified as the inability to clearly identify different colors of the color wheel. The difficulties can be low but sometimes dangerous. Many people confuse this term as the same thing as compelete blindness which is a common misunderstanding.

In the human eye there are “receptor cells” called cones, these are found in the retina (a light sensitive tissue found in the back of your eye, that identifies light rays). Each person should have three types of cones, red, green and blue. This is what enables most people to see all colors. Any damage or abnormal deficiency in the cones can lead to unusual color vision.

There are nine types of color blindness. The first four lie under the catagory of red-green color blindness, these are. Protanomaly, this is when the cone is abnormal and the colors red, yellow and orange are veiwed as darker than usual. This is a mild diagnoses and only affects 1 percent of males. The next is Protanopia similar, but red is identified as black and orange, yellow and green are seen as the same color. Deuteranomaly and Deuteranopia similar to each other Deuteranopia is a major colorblindness when you are only able to identify brownish yellow, red and mix green with beige. There is also another stage of color blindness that involves Blue – Yellow. Tritanomaly is the difficulty to see blue as it appears green and yellow can be confused as red and pink. This is an extremely rare disorder. Tritanopia people who lack blue cone cells, their color appears as greener also difficult to identify yellow and red from pink. Last stage is Compelete color blindness Rod monochromacy or achromatopsia and Cone monochromacy the most severe of the two, Rod monochromacy or achromatopsia. This disorder is diagnosed at birth and is when people see the world in black and white, this virus can make people uncomfortable in bright enviroments and also might suffer photophobia (bright lights damage your pupils).

INTERESTING FACT 1.8% of males have color blindness when 1 out of 200 women have color blindness 4.5%  percent of entire population

Most color blindness comes from genetices or is presented at birth. Color vision problems can also be attained by natural causes such as, aging, any injury in the eye and side effects from medicine. Symptoms are not being able to see all colors and not having the ability to identify different shades of a color. In addition color blindness is most commonly found in males. As an acception there are also young girls that atain color blindness but that eases as they grow. Although most people with colorblindness are dont improve overtime and sometimes worsen over time.

Unfortunatley inherited color blindness may not be treated permanently. Although there are Color Blind glasses that can temporarly let a person see color for the duration the glasses are on for.

While researching this concept I learnt that there are many different categories of color blindness and how people can be diagnosed with color blindness. I also learnt that color blindness is a serious issue for people’s daily lives, it is a struggle for them to identify such things as a stop sign red-green while driving.The reason why I chose to do this project was that my father and I are both color blind I have very mild colorblindness, but my dad has a hard time identifying colors. I was interested to find out what stage of colorblindnes I was, and was surprised to find that my color blindness stage is Tritanopia.

Image result for color blindness Image result for color blindness eye

 


Lucas – The Bubonic Plague

I chose this issue because it changed Britain’s history and it was one of the most deadly plagues in the world. The bubonic plague was famously named the Black Death for the amount of damage it caused. This condition is very deadly even though the first outbreak happened 700 years ago. This Plague killed about 75-200 million people from 1346 – 1353. It killed 60% of the population of Europe in 7 years. It created people to establish mass graves and caused social, religious, and economic upheavals.

This a Plague Doctor

According to the CDC (Center of Disease and Control) on average, about 10-20 people in the United States of America are diagnosed with the Bubonic Plague per year. Now, this disease is still deadly but is treatable by everyday antibiotics like penicillin. But can be deadly if not treated 24 hours after the first signs of symptoms. There is no guarantee that this plague will be wiped out because of the uncommon way it spreads and how many forms there are of the plague. The three forms are the common Bubonic Plague, Septicemic Plague, and Pneumonic Plague. The Bubonic Plague spreads through fleas infected with Yersinia Pestis. Yersinia Pestis is a gram negative bacteria. These fleas are spread through animals that live in dirty environments, mostly mice carry the disease. Some symptoms of the Bubonic Plague are headaches, fatigue, muscle aches, severe fever, severe chills, extreme weakness, severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, internal and external bleeding, shock, and blackening of death tissue.

A simple solution to decreasing your risk of this disease is to remove all rodents from your house, and giving all your animals a medicine that prevents fleas. Another solution is to eat healthy and make sure your house is not dirty.

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) – Adit Wibowo

ADHD (Attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder) is a brain disorder that shows signs of ongoing patterns of inattentiveness and hyperactivity that interferes with how your body functions and develops.

I picked this issue because it is very relevant today because there’s a lot of children as well as adults that are being affected by the disorder all around the globe. According to ADHD Institute 7.1% of children and 3.4% of adults are diagnosed with ADHD. This shows that this is a massive problem around the world affecting millions. According to HealthLine In the US alone, 6.4 million children ages 4 -17 are diagnosed with this disorder. There is a 42% increase of ADHD diagnosis over the past 8 years.Since we are teenagers we have the responsibility to know and be informed about how other teenagers live around the world. We need to understand how different bodies and brains function and how that can affect the ways we live. It is great to better understand the details of this disorder and how their brains and bodies work differently than ours.

This infographic showing the population of children ages 4-17 in the US diagnosed with ADHD.

Image result for adhd statistics

I learnt lots of things about this disorder such as it’s effects and solutions and treatments on how to improve it. The effects are Inattention: being out of focus/unable to concentrate, Hyperactivity: being extremely active with disruptive behaviour.  Impulsivity: Having a tendency to act inappropriately thinking that there are no consequences

As for the solutions, the most common and fastest treatments towards ADHD is medication, taking pills can help make them focus and concentrate but only last for 8-12 hours and can only be taken once a day. Also some pills can have side effects that can be dangerous. But therapy especially behaviour therapy is also recommended because it is a natural treatment that doesn’t involve your body in taking any chemical but a combination of pills and therapy is the best choice.

At first I thought ADHD was just a behaviour problem that only affected young children with tantrums but I realized it was so much more than that, it is a mental disorder that changes the way your brain and body work together. I know understand the importance of this disorder as it is growing at a rapid rate right now and that it is one of the largest disorders in history. I now understand what ADHD means and what it does to people.