Shane – High Blood Pressure

I chose this topic because I learned that my family had a variety of cases of high blood pressure so I wanted to learn more about it and how it affected me as a teen. I knew little about the topic when I started researching but I did know that high blood pressure caused problems with your heart. I also know to measure high blood pressure you had to use a machine that was wrapped around your arm and then cut off blood circulation but I didn’t know the name of the machine. One of the causes of high blood pressure is a poor diet and not enough exercise so that was a connection to the first unit of wellness. It is important for me to know about high blood pressure because I am more at risk of high blood pressure due to my genes so if I learn more about high blood pressure I can learn about how to prevent it from affecting me. It affects teenagers because what we do as teenagers affects how more or less at risk we are to high blood pressure. Such as if we have a poor diet consisting of a lot of salt we could be at more risk of high blood pressure when we are older. Genetics also can affect your risk of high blood pressure, like me, people’s genetics can affect how much plaque buildup there is in your body which a lot of buildup causes high blood pressure and other problems.

I learned that to measure your blood pressure the machine you use is called a sphygmomanometer. I also learned that exercising and having a good diet lowers your risk of high blood pressure. I also learned that the buildup of plaque in the artery walls is the cause of high blood pressure. I think that this issue is affecting a lot of people in the world but is an issue that can be almost always easily avoided by eating a balanced diet and exercising a decent amount. I think that babies being able to have high blood pressure surprised me the most, nothing else was really unexpected. Now that I know the ways to prevent high blood pressure I can start using that information in my lifestyle, such as how much exercise I get and what type of food I eat. I think one big misunderstanding is that high blood pressure is only due to a poor diet or poor exercise, a big reason people get high blood pressure is because of their genetics and if their family members had it. A problem is that not many people are educated on the causes of high blood pressure so they can’t avoid what they don’t know. A solution to this problem is to educate people more about the issue and how to avoid it. If you already have high blood pressure it can be cured by having a balanced diet and increasing your exercise daily. I think it has shown me more about how important having a balanced diet and getting exercise is.

This image relates to my topic because it shows you how blood pressure is measured so people can understand that a low blood pressure is when there isn’t much force applied to the artery walls, and high blood pressure is when a lot of force is applied to the artery walls.

Vision ~ Elki

Topic – Vision

I chose vision because 1) I have bad vision, 2) some of my friends and family have bad vision as well, and 3) I never knew the causes of and solutions (other than glasses/contacts) to bad vision. This affects me because we people who have bad vision have to go out of our way to pay for and seek treatment so we can see normally. This especially affects me as I am a student who does a lot of reading in class, and even small things like not seeing information on the board can be very costly when it comes to exams or performance tasks. Before studying and researching on this topic, I knew almost nothing about why people had bad vision and only could identify solutions to it. I just went through my vision treatment and followed directions; I never questioned why my vision was bad in the first place. A connection that this topic has with another is with the unit we had on respect. People with bad vision may lose respect for themselves as they may see themselves as inferior people, and they can also unintentionally lose respect from other people as it is harder for them to listen to others, as they can’t see them as well as normal. A connection can also be made to the study last year on Hellen Keller. As she was born deaf and blind, I would think that it would be extremely difficult for her to communicate and live like normal people, which inspired me to study this topic. A more obvious way this topic connects to me is that I have bad vision myself, and I really wished to get rid of it and to know more about why this happened. This is relevant to me because again, many of my peers, some family, and I have bad vision, and because it is very common throughout the world. For teenagers, the state of vision is very important because in an academically focused context, being able to learn visually without any trouble is very important as many of the lessons taught involve photo or video. Another way this is important to teenagers is that because teens are more subject to mood swings and anxiety, teenagers will lose self esteem at even higher rates because of their bad vision compared to others.

When researching on this topic, I found out the many different causes of bad vision, and I realized that bad vision can actually be caused by diseases. This was surprising to me, as I previously thought that bad vision was caused simply by chance or by genes and not diseases and conditions. This might also be a common misunderstanding about vision, another being the “blind people also have bad hearing” misconception. The first condition I learned about is called “Glaucoma”. This disease causes added pressure to your eye(s) which can damage your optic nerves. These optic nerves are the nerves that transmit images to your brain, and over time, Glaucoma can cause total vision loss without proper treatment. The second condition I learned about is called “Amblyopia”. This condition is when (usually) one of your eyes fails to fully develop like a normal eye, no matter the treatment such as glasses or contacts. This is more commonly known as “lazy eye”. I connect with this condition because I remember one of my kindergarten friends having an eyepatch on due to lazy eye, but I never really questioned it. The last condition that I decided to learn about is called “Astigmatism”. This condition is when your cornea (outer layer of eye) is misshaped, thus causing generally blurry vision. The misshapen cornea makes it more difficult for light to properly focus on the retina, which makes vision blurry from all distances. This is the condition I have, as without lenses or glasses, my vision is blurry from most distances longer than face to face, for example. This has vastly expanded my learning, as I previously knew almost nothing about how bad vision is created. I know know about the multitude of causes that make people’s vision bad, and now I understand why other people get different treatment than me, as they have different conditions. Other than glasses, another solution that cures/treats bad vision is called “Orthokeratology”. This process involves wearing a specially shaped contact lens during sleep, which reshapes your cornea temporarily for the day. This is the solution I use to solve my astigmatism, which works perfectly (unless you lose either contact lens). The other solution that I researched on was called “Lasik”, which involves a laser steepening or flattening the cornea of your eye. This laser pushes on the cornea according to the patient’s condition which makes it more normally shaped. To conclude, I’ve learned that even the smallest things have large effects, as even the state of your eyes can affect so many parts of wellness and have such complex causes and solutions.

Image result for orthokeratology

this is a diagram of a misshaped cornea with astigmatism on the left. this describes how orthokeratology works, as putting a specifically shaped contact lens over a misshaped cornea temporarily reshapes it. this connects to me, as this is the method i use for my astigmatism, and i really found this solution interesting and fascinating.


Exercise-Tomotaka shinozaki

I chose this topic because I noticed that passed these years, I haven’t exercise and was just sitting down and playing on my etc. And I think this issue affects me because I don’t exercise and these days there are a lot of electronics and I  might get cancer/heart disease. What I knew about exercise was that exercise maintains your physical health and when you exercise, there will be a happy hormone that will be released and makes your brain relaxed(makes you happy). And this topic connects to my previous learning because in PE we learned about how exercise and normal exercise helps our daily lives. And I think this issue is relevant to me because I use my etc every 30 minutes so now I know that exercise helps me lower heart disease and same as teenagers because for teenagers one in four teenagers are online constantly.

I learned that there are lots of people having a hard time due to this issue like weight discrimination, stress, depression, and having a hard time doing exercise and I think it expanded my learning because before I searched about exercise, I thought it just helps you build up muscle but there was more to it. My opinion about this issue is that I don’t think exercising is the best way to maintain stress because there are lots of other ways. What was unexpected was over 90 percent of women’s who don’t exercise had depression. And the solution for this topic is to at least exercise for 1 hour every day.

The Perfect Body(physical appearance) – Julie

There are currently hundreds of social issues that are deemed relevant to the teenage population. One of these issues is how teenagers perceive themselves and what the perfect body is for them. I chose this topic because it is affecting many teenagers both directly and indirectly. It is an issue that I think many teens should be more aware of as it will help shape their personality in a positive manner. I already know, based from personal observation, that many teenagers value their physical appearance more over their character. Teenagers have been judged and they also judged others. In my wellness class, we learned how social media, one of the things that changes people’s perception of what’s beautiful, impacts teenagers. I already knew that many people resort to plastic surgery to achieve the “perfect” body. However, I had no idea that even teenagers are willing to undergo “body-changing” procedures just to be called “beautiful.” This issue is very important to me and everyone else, as it makes us realize what is really important in life and value the things that we have, including our bodies. This is essential to teenagers because from the ages between 13 and 19, we begin to discover ourselves and build a strong foundation for our character. If we learn how to accept ourselves as we are and not judge others based on their bodies, we will grow in a positive environment that promotes respect and equality. We will strive to maintain a healthy lifestyle instead of  imitating those walking down the runway, posing on magazines and showing up on TV ads.

While I was researching about this issue, I was surprised when I found out that approximately 230,000 teenagers(ages 13 to 19) underwent cosmetic surgery last year (only in the U.S.). I realized what a serious problem it is and how it does not only affect teens in general but also me. As I read more articles and did further research, it made me more aware of the issue and the negative impacts it has on society. Many people think that being pretty gives you an advantage in life. It could be true but not all the time. For instance, if you aim to be a medical doctor, being beautiful is not really a requirement. A career in medicine is based on character, academic performance and technical skills. We need to take action and find a solution. How do we do that?  By changing our mindset. Throwing your barbie dolls aways or merely avoiding social media wouldn’t be enough if your way of thinking is still the same. Change has to come from within. Focus on things that are more valuable in life like family and friends and productive activities. Concentrate on developing your character and always aim to be a better version of yourself. Give more importance to having a healthy lifestyle than being just “pretty.” What matters the most is who you are on the inside. Being a judgmental person makes you ugly. This helped me understand that beauty is nothing if it’s superficial. I realized how confidence and self-esteem is directly related to on people’s perception of beauty and how our mindset affects our mental and social health.

Barbie influences what our “perfect” body is. She promotes that beauty can only be found in skinny people who have a thin waist, long legs, etc. If Barbie was real, she would have severe eating disorder and her body probably wouldn’t work properly as well because her body wouldn’t be able to fit all her intestines, liver, lung, etc.

Autism – Holly

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Why Autism?

I chose autism to be my topic because I know three people with it. However, I haven’t seen them in a while/I am not close to them, so I do not know much about them. Their actions have been different to others’ around me, so naturally, I was curious as to why. Another reason I chose Autism is that I have read a few books on people with Asperger’s, and I wanted to know more. The last reason I wanted to study autism, was because I have always been interested in disabilities and differences, and I know autism is quite common (amongst mental disorders), so I chose to learn about that. Before doing this project, I thought that people with Autism couldn’t express any emotion, but now I know that they can express emotion, but they just have a hard time reading others’ emotions. I also thought that once you have autism, you always have it, but now I know that this isn’t the case and occasionally people do get rid of it. This connects to previous learning because last year we were assigned book clubs and mine was about a girl with autism. I knew a little about the subject beforehand, and so I had a small head-start on this project, but now I know even more about it because of the research I have done. Also, a personal connection I have is how I know people with autism, and teachers have to adapt their lessons to help this person. Also, one of my parents’ friends has two kids who are autistic. Their mother was unable to work for 5-6 years, and the government gave her money to get her kids into therapy every day. The older sibling, with less severe autism, is now fully able to go to school by herself (but still has learning support) and the younger one still has to go to therapy, but the mother is now able to work. This affects teenagers because there are multiple resources that show ways of helping children with autism, but almost none that deal with teenagers and autism. A teens life is considerably harder than a child’s life (because of anxiety/schoolwork/relationships with peers) without autism. Now put it into perspective. You can’t read others’ emotions well, and you show behaviours that other people may find ‘weird’ or ‘disturbing’. On top of that, you also have to deal with schoolwork and everything else that teens have to deal with. You can help these people by just being a little more accepting and understanding of their situation, and not join in those who aren’t as accepting.

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What did I learn?

I learned that there are four types of autism, each one falling on a spectrum. The main thing about this is how everyone with autism is different. When you meet a new autistic person, they will certainly have different autistic tendencies to the last autistic person you met, and that these people will be different. You can’t classify all autistic people together like you can’t classify all humans together. We all have different aspects and traits that stand out. Also, there is no cause towards autism. Some things may affect the baby a little, but all in all, when you have autism there is not really a reason why. Some misconceptions about autism are that autistic people have no feelings, and autistic people can’t read others’ feelings. These aren’t true, and autistic people are capable of feeling everything you are capable of feeling. Autistic people may not understand you are sad via body language or sarcasm/tone of voice, but if you make it clear, they know what to do. There isn’t a solution to autism, but some medicines can help the person to focus more or stop them fidgeting, etc.. However, to help the autistic person feel more comfortable in a specific environment, you can be accepting towards them, and help others feel the same as you.

This picture connects to autism because really, autistic people aren’t that different. (Most of) They can walk, eat, and sleep just like us. Most of the time, on the outside, you cannot distinguish an autistic person from anybody else. They have passions too, and they have feelings too. This picture represents that because autism comes in all shapes and sizes, and overall, the people aren’t that different to us.

Insomnia – Mikela

I chose to do insomnia because I know a few people in my family who have insomnia. Another reason why I chose insomnia is that I know that it has a big effect on teens or at least teens that have insomnia. Finally, I wanted to do this because it is one of the main sleeping disorders and I was always really interested to know what it was. Before doing this project all I knew about insomnia was that it is a sleeping disorder that people can have. I think that it is important to research about this because insomnia can happen when you are a teenager and to know the causes of insomnia could be very useful once I am a teenager. This is also how this topic could eventually affect me. Even if I am a no longer a teenager this could possibly be something that I experience this but throughout adulthood. I could be experiencing different cases of insomnia and to have already understood what insomnia really is will help me.

The main thing that I learned about insomnia is that it is uncontrollable but the best chances of not experiencing insomnia are to have good sleeping habits and a good sleep cycle. One of the main causes of insomnia is because you have irregular sleeping habits, now that I understand how important they are, I will try to maintain good sleeping habits. I used to think that if someone had insomnia it would mean that they would be experiencing it every night but now I know that there are different types of insomnia and it is possible to only experience it for a certain amount of time.

There is more than one solution towards the different stages of insomnia although one of the best long-term solutions is to find the cause of insomnia and try to solve insomnia based on that. Although another solution which would be advised for short-term insomnia is to take sleeping aids so that it would just be fast to fall asleep and to stay asleep, it shouldn’t be used for long-term insomnia. Before doing this project, I had already known the importance of sleeping but now seeing the effects of insomnia make me realize that without sleep it will affect your overall wellness in all 6 areas.

A teenager having trouble falling asleep.

Dyslexia- Kalia


I choses Dyslexia because have a mild case of dyslexia.  This topic affects me because I have a harder time understanding thing than my peers.  Somethings that I have previously known about Dyslexia is that it is a learning disability that makes you process reading, writing and math.  This connects to me because I have dyslexia also because I have learned about left and right side of the brain.  This is important to me because i’ve had this disability without knowing for almost for all my life and I want to know as much as I can about it.  I think that this is important for everyone to know so that people can understand how dyslexic people learn and feel.  I think that this would affect teenagers with dyslexia because there peers and their expectations will rise.

I learned about the history of Dyslexia.  My opinion about Dyslexia is that there should be more awareness about it because you or some close to you could have it without it.  Something that I found interesting is that there are three types of Dyslexia.  This has changed the way I think because if I met someone dyslexic I could relate to them.  Some misunderstanding that could happen to people with dyslexia is that they can be called “dumb” but it it’s not a lack of knowledge but displaying the knowledge.  The problems with dyslexia is that they learn differently than most of the class or they can be rejected from peers or family members.  There is no getting rid of dyslexia but there are thing that can be done to help the person learn just as quick as his/her peers something that can also help is to be very accepting and understanding.  This influence me in social part of wellness because people need to learn how interact with people that learn, look or think differently without discriminating them.


Kushaal – ADHD

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. It is a brain disorder that makes you inattentive and keeps you moving or fidgeting most of the time. Because of the lack of focus, most of the time people with the disorder are distracted and unorganized, and they cannot stay at one task for long amounts of time. I chose this issue because even though it doesn’t effect me, I know a few people that have the disorder, and I was interested to find out more about it. I already knew that it makes people unfocused and fidgety, but I didn’t know some of the other things like the reason it happens. This issue is important because it can prevent people from focusing on things that they have to do. For example, if you are a student with ADHD, you would have trouble with learning because you are off task doing something else.

When I was researching about this issue, I learned a lot of things about the disorder. I learned the cause for it, which is brain cells called neurotransmitters being less active in the attentive part of the brain. I also learned the two types of ADHD, which are the hyperactive part and the inattentive part. Also, relating to the two types, I learned that most children with ADHD have both types, but during preschool children with the disorder normally only have the hyperactive part. I think the issue can be a big problem for some people, but it can also be useful at times, like when doing hands on activities or sports. An interesting fact that I learned about the topic is that most people with ADHD work better with music, or something else in the room that doesn’t keep it dead quiet. There is no solution or cure for this, but people with it can utilize it for tasks that could use the disorder.

Yoga and How it Can Benefit Teens – Mik

My dad practices yoga everyday for 30 minutes. I was always curious why he would spend mornings curling up in strange positions and stretching out his back, legs and arms. Yoga has always been a big part of my family. My aunt is a yoga teacher while my dad and his siblings practice yoga regularly. Yoga is a combination of meditation, stretching, and breathing that started in India thousands of years ago. There are many different types of yoga. I have read that yoga improves flexibility and improves your posture. I also know that yoga relieves stress and helps calm the mind. Can yoga benefit teenagers too? Of course! Teenagers have stressful, busy lives filled with school work, sports, and other activities. Don’t forget social media too. Most also have problems with concentrating and focusing during class. Yoga can help teens mentally, physically and spiritually. If teens devote at least two to three times a week of yoga practice, they will have less anxiety and have a more positive attitude. Another benefit of yoga is that it can help teens focus on a certain task and greatly improve concentration. These benefits connect to the lessons we learned in Wellness class such as fitness and its components. Also, yoga involves flexibility, muscular strength, endurance, balance and coordination. I find yoga very important because it can benefit so many people even though it is very simple. Unlike other sports and physical activities, yoga can be practiced by anyone because of the following reasons: You don’t necessarily have to pay to practice yoga. You can do yoga at home whenever you can find the time and for as long or short as you want. You don’t require many things: just yourself and a yoga mat – and that isn’t even required! Best of all, yoga is open to everyone no matter what age or weight they are.

What did I learn about yoga?

  • The effects of yoga on teens
  • Where yoga started
  • How it greatly improves both the mind and body of those that practice it regularly
  • What yoga is all about
  • What are the goals of yoga

This really expanded my learning because I wanted to talk about a topic that could greatly benefit us – particularly our age group. I also wanted to choose an activity that was accessible for us. I want to practice more yoga myself. In my opinion, I believe that yoga is very important for everyone because it can benefit any part of your life whether it’s your social, mental, emotional, spiritual, or physical aspect of your life. When I was researching about my topic, I was surprised to see all the benefits of yoga and that it can benefit everyone regardless of your age. I now want to practice yoga more often. Along the way, my thinking has changed a lot. Before doing any research, I thought yoga only helped the body but as it turns out helps the mind as well. Yoga, when practiced a lot also helps one’s spiritual development and makes one aware of  nature around us. Most people hesitate to try yoga. They think they need to be flexible, or that the poses are too demanding. This is a misunderstanding. Yoga starts off really simple and the more you practice it, the harder it gets. It can be as simple as sitting cross-legged and closing your eyes. However, yoga isn’t always as easy as it sounds. It requires one to set aside time each day to practice. It requires some level of dedication and commitment. This helped me learn a lot about wellness. After all yoga can benefit all of the six aspects of wellness: mental, social, physical, environmental, emotional, and spiritual. Namaste.

Yoga’s benefits on teens and children.

Ellie – Cleft Palates and Cleft Lips

I chose the topic of cleft palates and cleft lips because my mom works for a charity organization called Mabuhay Deseret, and because of that I meet a lot of kids who have cleft palates or cleft lips so I connected to this issue on a personal level. The kids that have the cleft palates and lips are able to get a surgery done so that it will be gone. Cleft lips and palates can affect your speech development and can also make it hard for you to pronounce words. This issue is important because it could happen to anyone and all people who have it need to be treated as soon as possible for the best recovery. It affects teenagers because, once again, it could happen to anyone and also there are a lot of teenagers that do have it. It effects them socially and emotionally because they could get made fun of and that could really lower there self esteem and make it harder for them to make friends. Also, it effects them physically because it effects their ability to speak and to eat.

When making this presentation, I learned that when you are developing as a child, you’re facial features like your eyes, your lips, and your nose, are all to the side and they come together as you continue developing. Researching about this expanded my learning because I now know more about the kids with cleft lips and palates that I interact with at Mabuhay and anyone with this condition. I feel that this issue is something that is very important and that it is important that people get treatment for this condition. What surprised me the most was how high of a chance that I had of having a cleft palate or lip while I was developing, and how high a chance anyone did, but didn’t have a cleft lip or palate. I can apply the new information I learned to situations where I may be talking to someone with a cleft palate or a cleft lip because I will understand them a bit more so that I can adapt to there situation. A common misconception about this topic is that if you have a cleft palate, you have a cleft lip, which is completely untrue. It is possible for someone to have a cleft lip or palate, and not also have the other. The solution to this issue is to have a surgery as soon as possible. This project has influence my thinking about wellness because now I am most likely going to want to dig deeper into topics we learn and looking at other topics.


This is a photo of a baby with a cleft lip and palate.