The health issue I would like to present today is skin cancer. There are 2 main types of skin cancer which are called: Melanoma and Cell Carcinoma. Awareness of cancer is important because the numbers are increasing by the minute. I picked this topic because my dad has experienced cell carcinoma cancer multiple times. The positive part is that he realized it fast enough and got it removed every time. Cell carcinoma is the less dangerous cancer out of the 2. Therefore I have decided to research this topic since there is a large chance that my sisters and I could get it sometime during our lifetime. As we have the same DNA, it is possible that we might have inherited the genes that allow skin cancer to get to us fast. This can affect people our age since we don’t realize how bad the sun’s ultraviolet rays or also can be called UV rays. We don’t realize this because only in the next 10-15 years we will be able to notice any skin cancer symptoms since it takes that amount of time to spread internally throughout our bodies. As you can see below, there is a diagram of how the UV rays affect your DNA within your skin cells when you spend too much time in the sun without covering yourself.
Cell carcinoma isn’t that dangerous as long as you get rid of it as fast as possible. This brings me to Melanoma, this cancer is a lot worse because getting cured sometimes can’t be done if you wait too long to get treated. This means that getting Melanoma can be a life-threatening type of cancer that has to be treated as early as possible. During my research, I learned that some cancers can be gotten rid of easier than others and that some are not always life threatening. Some interesting facts about this illness are:
- Around 2 to 3 million people are diagnosed with non-melanoma skin cancer annually worldwide.
- Approximately 132,000 people with melanoma skin cancer are diagnosed annually.
- It is said that around 1 out of 5 Americans will develop skin cancer sometime during their lifespan.
I believe that to prevent skin cancer you should be careful and cover your body from too much exposure to the sun. The main symptom would be when you have an open wound on your skin that doesn’t seem to heal. To help solve this problem, you can wear sunscreen and use a hat to protect yourself or if you already have skin cancer you should get treated by a dermatologist who would probably give you photodynamic therapy. This is a treatment that uses medicine and a specific type of laser to kill cancer cells in the affected area. In conclusion, this form of cancer is important for you to know about to enable you to take care of your body by covering up and not being exposed to too much sun radiation.