Abnormal Sleep Behavior. A common, yet unknown and misunderstood topic in the world of sleep. Abnormal Sleep Behavior are sleep disorders that focus on sleep disturbance. Four of the most common ones being, Nightmares, Night Terrors, Sleepwalking, and REM Sleep Disorder, which some people may have without even knowing it and that can be hazardous to their health, especially children and teens. Nightmares, Night Terrors, and Sleepwalking usually occurs in children or teens more often than adults, but even more so in males than females when it comes to Nightmares and Night Terrors. Although I’m not a male, I am still a teen, and my mom tells me I have mild REM Sleep Disorder on occasion. Still so is that my brother has had Night Terrors, and my uncle sleepwalked as a teenager, a quite intriguing story of him nearly walking into the street and my dad tackling him. I picked this topic, because of it’s effect on my family, but I also believe what goes on in your sleep is a very interesting idea, because most of the time you wake up not even knowing what happened the night before, whether you nearly walked out the front door or accidently poured a glass of water on yourself. Nightmares, dreams with vivid and disturbing content, doesn’t currently have a fully proven scientific cause, but scientist believe the nightmares have something to do with the fact that dreams and nightmares are one way kids process thoughts and feelings. Night Terrors, emotions that take the form of dreams in which someone wakes in a state of terror, are caused by the over-triggering of the central nervous system during sleep. This may happen because the central nervous system, that regulates sleep and waking brain activity is maturing. This may be hereditary, and about 80% of those who have night terrors have a family member who also experienced a sleep disturbance disorder. REM Sleep Disorder, is the acting out of violent dreams in ways that can self-harm or harm another, and occurs when the paralysis that occurs during REM sleep is incomplete or absent. That absences can be caused by degenerative neurological conditions like Parkinson’s disease, anxiety and stress, mental disorders, and reactions to drugs and alcohol. Lastly, sleepwalking, which, though rarely caused by medical, emotional, or psychological problems, may run in families, and is caused by lack of sleep or fatigue, irregular sleep schedules, illness or fever, certain medications, and lastly, stress.
Nightmares aren’t curable, but comfort can ease worries before bed, and thwart nightmares. A regular sleep schedule, a relaxing sleep routine before bed, like a bath, reading, or quiet talk, and of course, avoiding scary movies, TV shows, and stories before bed. Night Terrors aren’t curable either, but you can also cope with them by reducing stress, sticking to a relaxing bedtime routine, and getting enough rest. On the other hand, if you happen to witness a Night Terror, stay calm, wait it out patiently, and just make sure the victim doesn’t get hurt by thrashing around. You mustn’t try to wake them up during a night terror, and attempts usually don’t work. When it does work though, the victim is disoriented, and may take longer to settle down from the fright. REM Sleep Disorder does, however, have a treatment in Clonazepam, a medication that slows or eliminates seizure and panic disorders 90% of the time. However, it’s still a good idea to sleep in a safe environment, and remove all sharp and breakable objects from the room. Sleepwalking has no specific treatment, however, in many cases improving sleep hygiene eliminates the problem, hypnosis also commonly works, surprisingly enough, and there’s also sedative-hypnotics and antidepressants for the matter. Still, removing sharp or breakable objects from room, installing gates on stairways, locking the doors and windows, keeping car keys out of reach, and saying no to sleeping in a bunk bed ensure you or your housemates are less likely to fall down the stairs, trip, run into something, walk out the front door, or even drive as you sleepwalk. Sleep disturbance disorders are scarily common, and they’re just a part of growing up, but just “growing up” can lead to serious and potentially harming situations, and though in most cases these disorders don’t appear to cause much harm, they are still frightening disorders and sometimes leave you sleep deprived, which is very much need to function at school. However, by being cautious of you and those your household, and trying to help with the disorder, you can triumph over these disorders and pay them no mind. Try to keep your house a safe environment if you have a victim of these disorders in your house, and don’t believe everything you hear about these topics because some of these disorders scientist don’t even have a fully proven scientific output for, and there’s a lot of junk circulating around.
A Common Theme Seen in Most Nightmares and Night Terrors Around the World is Feeling an Evil Presence, as well as Being Chased.