Diabetes Mellitus by Gaby

I chose the issue diabetes because it directly hits home for me. This disease runs in my family and has affected different relatives of mine. They have diabetes and I have seen the struggle they undergo each day to battle this disease. It’s not always easy to have that smile on your face when you have diabetes because there are times when they have hypoglycemia, which is when they have low blood sugar and they start shaking or they get dizzy. This expands my learning because now I know what actually happens when you have diabetes and how everything in your body has to work together for you to get through everyday and release the energy. It also makes me aware of the issue and how to prevent it, like a healthy lifestyle and diet. This issue is relevant to me because since this disease runs through my family, there is a chance that I could get it. Expanding from my family, teenagers could get affected by this disease as well. Type 2 diabetes can affect teenagers that don’t exercise enough or anyone that is overweight. Recently, there has been a lot of news of child obesity, which can directly relate to any teens and adolescents during this time. Another type of diabetes is Type 1 diabetes, which is genetic and is unavoidable, but can still can hit any adolescent or teen.

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases that come as a risk with other illnesses such as obesity. Diabetes is very complicated and there are a lot of different types and forms so I will try and break it down. Diabetes Mellitus, is the most common form of diabetes, but doctors normally just refer to it as diabetes. This is when your blood glucose, also known as your blood sugar, is too high. Your blood glucose is actually the main type of sugar in your blood flow and is one of the main sources of energy. As you all probably already know, glucose comes from the everyday food that you eat, as well as from your liver and muscles. To convert those sugars into energy, your pancreas needs to create a hormone called insulin, which will carry it to your body’s cells, where it will be stored for energy. When your body doesn’t create that insulin that it needs for energy, you then have high blood sugars. There are 3 types of diabetes, Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs more in children, but can also affect adults. This happens because your immune system, the part of your body that protects you from bacteria and viruses, gets attacked by the insulin cells. This type of diabetes is genetic and cannot be prevented. On the other hand, there is a preventable type of diabetes which is Type 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes occurs when you’re not physically fit or overweight, and can affect any age, including teens. Type 2 diabetes begins with insulin resistance, which means that your fat, muscle and liver cells don’t use insulin to carry the sugars to your body’s cells for energy. Because of this, there is a high demand of insulin in your body, which comes from your pancreas. Over time, when you need insulin the most, normally after you eat, your body doesn’t make enough of it, which makes you a person with Types 2 diabetes. This type of diabetes can be avoided if you pay attention to your diet, your lifestyle and how much you exercise. This last type of diabetes is called Gestational diabetes and only occurs in pregnant women, which is not really relevant to teens and because of that, I won’t elaborate much on the topic.

From what I learned and wrote above what, I, as well as the reader, can take away from this is that diabetes has more behind it than you think. This disease can all be avoided if you are aware about your diet and your lifestyle, as well as what is happening in your body. In the beginning, I used to think that diabetes was just about high blood sugar and insulin, but now after I’ve researched about what actually is going on in your body and the process of how all this happens, I have expanded my learning about this topic and have been more aware about diabetes. This has influenced my thinking on Wellness because it’s not only about having high self esteem or a fit body, but it is also about becoming aware of what happens in your body and diseases that can change your life forever.

I chose this image because these are certain things that can lead to Type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2016. .

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