Understanding Dyslexia By: Lila

For my Health Buzz project, I chose Dyslexia as a topic to research. Dyslexia happens when our brain have trouble or take longer time to match simple letters with the sound of the letter. Hence, people with dyslexia have difficulty in spelling, reading, and writing. Since, as a student, reading and writing take up a huge part of our life, I chose to research about this issue. Another reason why I chose this issue is because according to statistics, dyslexia is a common language disorder. It was estimated that 1 in 5 people in the world has it. Therefore, I feel it is very important for us to learn about this issue and hopefully, we can understand people with dyslexia.

One of the things I learnt about dyslexia is that many scientists still yet has to fully establish what exactly caused it, however they believe that genes, different brain anatomy and activities may increase the possibility of having dyslexia. If a child has dyslexia, it is likely he or she gets it from one of the parents. Also, approximately 40% of siblings of children with dyslexia may have the same disorder. A person may also has dyslexia when the brain looks and acts differently than the average human. For example, the planum temporale which plays a role in understanding language is usually larger in our dominant hemisphere than in the other hemisphere. However, for people with dyslexia, their planum temporale is around the same size on both hemispheres of the brain. The other thing I learnt about dyslexia is that there are several steps to diagnose this disorder. The first step is to get a medical exam where we test if the child has any vision or hearing problem which affects the way he or she read and write. Next, a visit to specialist like a psychologist who specializes in learning issues can help to determine if a person has dyslexia by performing the common dyslexic tests. Another thing I learnt about dyslexia is that sadly, there is no cure for it since it is not a disease.

Researching about dyslexia has expanded my knowledge about learning disability. I used to think that dyslexic person may be less intelligent, but now I understand that dyslexia does not affect intelligence. However, having difficulty in reading and writing may affect listening comprehension and social skills. Student with dyslexia may struggle to work at school. Especially for teenagers, during their adolescent period when they may have experience emotional changes (known as mood swings), being dyslexic may result in feeling, shamed, loss of confidence, and being a victim of bullies. However, with family supports, determination, proper instruction, and hard work, student with dyslexia can succeed academically and in their lives. Some famous people who are dyslexic are Albert Einstein, Alexander Graham Bell, Hans Christian Andersen, Leonardo Da Vinci, Thomas Edison, Tom Cruise, Walt Disney, Cher, Whoopi Goldberg and Caitlyn Jenners. When we have a relative or a friend who is dyslexic, we have to be supportive of their learning. Our support for dyslexic friend or relative will help their well being because wellness is not only about being physically fit, but also being healthy in mind and having a good self esteem.

Dyslexia

HIV and AIDs By: Maanya

I chose this topic because HIV and AIDs infection rates have been growing rapidly over the past few years and a lot of people are uneducated on this topic. I have no family relations to this topic, but I thought that it would be an interesting subject to learn about and to share with other people my age. I used to think that HIV and AIDs were different diseases, and that they were not contagious. I used to think that HIV and AIDs could only be transmitted at birth, and could not transfer to other people. I knew that they were incurable, but I didn’t know what they were. This connects to past learning in wellness, because last year (6th Grade) we learned about keeping our bodies healthy and away from diseases. HIV and AIDs are also diseases, but we have not learned about them yet. This is relevant to teenagers and kids our age, because many kids are having unprotected sex at very young ages, and can be be infected by HIV and AIDs without the right treatment and protection.

I learned that HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus gradually attacks our immune system, which is our natural protection against infections and diseases. HIV destroys a white blood cell called the T-Helper cell/CD4 Cells and makes copies of itself inside of them. There are two main types of HIV; HIV-1, which is the most common form of HIV in the world, and HIV-2, which is commonly found in West Africa, but in some cases found in India and Europe. AIDs stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. This is when HIV is very advanced and is at it’s final stage. AIDs is when the body can no longer defend itself and may develop various infections and diseases. If HIV and AIDs are not treated correctly, they can lead to death. There is currently no cure for HIV, but if treated properly and with the right protection, people can live a long healthy life, even if they have HIV. This virus cannot be transmitted through sweat, saliva, or urine. But, can be transmitted through infected needles, syringes, unprotected anal, vaginal, and oral sex. It can pass through mother-to-child pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding.

This expanded my learning because I did not know what these diseases were and what they did to our body, and now that I know I can teach other people about it and help them know more about the damage of this disease. I was surprised that a disease that can cause death can go 13-15 years undetected in a human’s body without symptoms and/or side effects. A lot of people think that the only way you can get HIV/AIDs is by birth, and that it is not contagious, but the truth is that there are many ways of getting infected by these diseases. HIV and AIDs have no cure as of January 2016, but let’s see what the future of medication holds for us! I thought that wellness would all be about nutrition and/or medical health, but I realized that wellness can be about all sorts of different things, varying from major food groups, to major diseases, and how to prevent them.

This is how the right treatment can help the White Blood Cell treat HIV

This is how the right treatment can help the White Blood Cell treat HIV