Stoke – By Sofia

What is brain stroke?

A stroke occurs if the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a portion of the brain is blocked. Without oxygen, brain cells start to die after a few minutes. Sudden bleeding in the brain also can cause a stroke if it damages brain cells. STROKE is the third leading cause of death in the United States and Hawaii, and a leading cause of serious, long-term disability. On average, one person in the U.S. has a stroke every 40 seconds and one person dies from stroke every four minutes.

Three kinds of brain stroke.

There are three types of brain stroke.

Ischemic Stroke
About 80 percent of strokes are ischemic. An ischemic stroke is most frequently caused by a blood clot that lodges in an artery and blocks the flow of blood to a part of the brain. High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for ischemic stroke.

Hemorrhagic Stroke
A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel ruptures within the brain. About 15 to 20 percent of strokes are hemorrhagic. There are two kinds of stroke due to ruptured blood vessels:  subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured aneurysms and intracerebral hemorrhage due to ruptured blood vessels.   In both types of hemorrhagic stroke, blood flow is disrupted to part of the brain.

Transient Ischemic Strokes (TIA)
About 10 percent of strokes follow incidents called transient ischemic attacks, or TIAs. A TIA is a “mini-stroke” that occurs when a blood clot blocks an artery for a short time. TIAs may occur days, weeks or months before the onset of a stroke. The symptoms of a TIA are like the warning signs of a stroke, but they usually last only a few minutes. TIAs are strong predictors of stroke risk. Don’t ignore them. Call 9-1-1 or seek emergency medical attention immediately.


  • Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

Arthritis – Diresh

I chose this issue because my grandma has arthritis. I have seen her hands bent and swollen and I wanted to know more about this topic. This has expanded my learning because I never knew exactly what arthritis was. I only knew that it makes your joints swell up but it is much more. It makes your cartilage mass decrease and the fluids in your joints which causes your joints to swell up and bend. It can affect teens and the name for the arthritis that affects children in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) or Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA). JRA has three main types pauciarticular,  polyarticular and systemic. It is important because many children have it and it is difficult for them to face it. Approximately 294,000 children in the U.S have some kind of Juvenile Arthritis.

I learned about the effects of arthritis. It causes a lot of pain and swelling. This is caused by the over amount of fluid in the joints. I also learned about a lot about the different types arthritis for children. I think that this is a very important issue that everyone should know about. My summary is that arthritis is not fatal but it can be very hard for the people with it and also the people around them. My thinking has changed because I did not realise that arthritis is much more than just swollen or bent finger. It has influenced my thinking about wellness because I thought of wellness as mostly physical health. Arthritis is a mostly physical ailment but it affects every aspect of health.

The Benefits of Water By Gabie

I chose this issue because everyone needs water, and it’s something everyone can relate to. I also chose this because I wasn’t drinking enough water every day, so I wanted to learn more about water and its benefits and what happens if you don’t drink water. Furthermore, I wanted to persuade people to drink more water. According to research, the average person only consumes about 4 glasses of water a day which is half of what you’re supposed to drink. If teens (or people in general) don’t drink enough water, there are multiple negative effects (which will be explained later).

I learned that water can help you in many ways. It can help you be less cranky because when you are dehydrated, it puts you in a bad mood. It helps your brain think, focus, concentrate, be more alert, helps with headaches, and makes your brain 14% faster because your brain is 75% water. It also improves athletic performance since your water is 75% of muscle tissue. Also it can prevent muscle cramps and joint pain. It also flushes out waste and toxins, fightes fatigue, helps lose weight because sometimes when you’re hungry, your actually thirsty. Also it helps prevent illnesses such as bladder cancer (reduces the risk by 50%), colon cancer (reduces the risk by 45%), and it may help prevent breast cancer. Furthermore, I learned that there are also some negative effects if you don’t drink water. Some possible problems are trouble focusing, bad memory, headaches, sleep issues, brain fog, which is feelings of mental confusion, lack of mental clarity, reduces your ability to think clearly, and many more. This has influenced my thinking about wellness because I learned that water has more benefits than I knew. After I learned this, I wondered what other benefits the other nutrients have. Something that impacted me the most is water can make you think 14% faster. This impacted me because whenever I’m stuck on a question, I drink water, and it helps me. Before, thought think that if you didn’t drink water, there were not a lot of side effects, but now I know there are multiple, and I’m trying to drink at least 8 glasses of water every

Glass of Water. Digital image. Foodie Loves Fitness. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Nov. 2015.


Child Obesity – Bettina

Child obesity is growing in our generation today, and has caught the attention of many people. The importance of this topic is substantial, and could lead to many difficulties in life. Being a teen is difficult enough, having to “fit in” and be accepted, but it makes it even more challenging if you are teased about your weight.  Overweight and obesity is a personal issue, and shouldn’t be used to bully someone. Obese teenagers can make themselves feel insecure, especially being surrounded by media, which focuses on thin people who are “perfect.” Being obese can lead to low self esteem, and social and psychological changes.  Not only social effects, but you are more likely to continue being obese as an adult, having the risk of type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and at least eleven different types of cancer. From my family, I come from family members having diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure, all related to being obese. Even if I’m not a teen and seem healthy, I’m still concern about these health complications from my family that could lead me inherit it, and also making me obese or overweight.

This diagram shows a joint with osteoarthritis

I expected to see many articles about child obesity describing problems like diabetes, and heart diseases, yet I was surprised to see cancer multiple times. After seeing cancer, I was curious to see the relationship between obesity and cancer, which at first, I saw none. However, after some research, I discovered being obese can lead to more fat tissues, producing hormones (estrogen or insulin), leading to create more cancer cells. Additionally, I learned about osteoarthritis, where when you are obese, you carry more weight, and stress your joints. At first, I though it was like gout in which crystals can form. Lastly, I was surprised about the growing population of obese children, since it started to rise 1980s, and how no one made efforts to stop it. From this Health Buzz, it influenced my thought on Wellness how any medical condition can effect all areas of health. Ultimately, being obese, especially at a young age, can lead to many health problems and being at risks of diseases like cancer.

Depression-Norbu Lhaden

zf3bv4qn-1330299206I chose this issue because my uncle is depressed and depression can be hereditary. Cutting is also sometimes associated with depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, obsessive thinking, or compulsive behaviours. My uncle has had all these symptoms in his life too. My learning has expanded because although depression can be hereditary I have learned how to avoid it. To avoid depression I can surround myself with a safe environment and have good role models in my life. This is also connected to teens because every 100 minutes a teen takes their own life which is why it is the second leading cause of death for ages 15 to 24. Teenagers are also self-harming more and more now. They self-harm to cope from pressure, strong emotions and upsetting relationships. They also feel like they are in more control of situations when they self-harm. This affects me because I will become a teenager and have the possibility to be depressed or know someone who is depressed. This also affects me because my generation is constantly being more social online and the pressure to keep up with trends and to have lots of followers or likes and etc is building.

I learned that there are two types of depression recurrent depressive disorder and bipolar affective disorder. Recurrent depressive disorder is when people have episodes. In these episodes, the person loses interest and enjoyment, and they have less energy leading to smaller amount of  activity for at least two weeks. Many people with depression also suffer from anxiety symptoms, disturbed sleep and appetite and may have feelings of guilt or low self-esteem, poor concentration and even medically unexplained symptoms. These episodes can be mild, moderate or severe. Bipolar Affective Disorder has both manic and depressive episodes at different times depending on the person’s mood. Manic episodes make the person more elevated or in an irritated mood, over-activity, pressure of speech, inflated self-esteem and a decreased need for sleep. Depressive episodes are the same as recurrent depressive episodes. My thinking has changed because I used to think that people with depression were often just depressed but now I know that there are a number of severe symptoms that accompany it. My thinking of mental illness has also changed because I used to think mental illnesses would only give people learning and focusing problems. I never classified depression as a clinical problem but I now know that there is a clinical depression.

Cancer- Joel

imagesI chose this issue because I know that many people have or receive cancer. It is also a very hard disease to cure, and only 1 in 4 people actually survive from it. My connection to cancer is that my grandfather and aunt both had cancer. My grandfather actually died from it, whereas my aunt was one of the lucky ones. Cancer is relevant to me because it is somewhat genetic, and since two of my family members had it, that could mean that I could also get cancer. This topic is important because each year globally, about 14 million people learn they have cancer, and 8 million people die from the disease. Research shows that one-third of cancer deaths can be prevented, but sometimes services and technologies are not widely available, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Even though cancer is rarer in teens that adults or young children, it is still possible that teenagers can get it. The most common cancers in teens are: melanoma, Hodgkin lymphoma and many more very complicated sounding cancers. However, strangely enough doctors have found that teenagers have special medical, social, and emotional needs that are different from younger children and adults with cancer.

I learned that the main appearance of cancer is actually through your genes, and that it wasn’t actually contagious, unless it’s through the genes. I learned that a LOT of people die from cancer every year and even more get it. I also found out that it is rarer for teens to get cancer than it is for adults and young children. My summary to this issue is that even though there isn’t really a way to stay away from cancer, there are still some ways to prevent cancers from forming, like not to smoke to prevent lung cancer or, be careful out in the sun to prevent skin cancer. Also, during some of the surgery that happens when people have cancer, they have to shave their head, and usually those people are bullied because they look ugly without their hair and all. I think that we shouldn’t be doing that because they just achieved a great task of defeating cancer, and shaving their head was just some kind of obstacle. My thinking about cancer has changed because I used to think that there was a cure but that it only worked 1 in 4 time, but I found out that actually that wasn’t the case and that cancer didn’t actually have a cure. Cancer treatment actually kills more than it cures. The side effects of the treatment can be tough. After all, treatments that are designed to kill cancer cells will also affect healthy cells. This influenced my thinking about wellness because in wellness, we learn a lot of different ways to prevent diseases so we might also learn about something that can lessen our chances of getting cancer. Also, it influenced me into thinking that wellness isn’t all about puberty and all, but that it was actually a big lesson on how to stay fit and how not to have a premature death later in the future.

Nicotine and Tobacco Stations Review Tools

STATION 1:  Brainpops



Activity:  Watch the brainpop and add to your “addiction notes” in your notes page.  

STATION 2:  Check out the powerpoint about smoking and tobacco use to find out some more facts and information about the dangers of smoking tobacco.


Activity: Make a T Chart of the long and short term effects of smoking


STATION 3:  Chemicals in Cigarrettes

Chemicals in Cigarette Smoke (infograph)

Activity:  Write 5 key points in your notes


STATION 4:  Clip about a smokers lungs

Check out this quick clip about the difference between a smoker’s lung and a healthy lung

 Activity: Discuss with a partner the difference and your impressions.


STATION 5:  QUITTING SMOKING  . . . . . It may take a few hard weeks to fully kick the habit, but once it’s done the health benefits are completely worth the struggle (and that’s what’s most important, right?). . . . . . . Check out this COOL AND INFORMATIVE INFOGRAPHIC

 Activity:  Write 5 key points in your notes


STATION 6: Withdrawal Symptoms


Activity: How does nicotine  negatively effect the body (list 5 ways)?  What are 5 symptoms of nicotine withdrawal?


STATION 7: The rise of E-Cigarettes and Vapes E-cigarette sales have increased dramatically in the last 3 years, with a target on young adults.  Check out the info-graphic below from

Screen Shot 2015-11-04 at 11.17.19 AM Screen Shot 2015-11-04 at 11.17.29 AM

Activity:  Discuss with a partner your impressions of the info-graphic and decide on two refusal skills that can be used specifically to address e-cigarettes.  Write these refusal skills in your notes.  You can also find the infographic at the back of the room.


OPTIONAL STATION 8: Great article on History of Smoke


Activity: write 5 key points in your notes


The Effects of Stress-Keitaro

Stress is a mostly unseen problem in todays advancing world. However, stress consumes people around the world. Especially those who have careers and those who are at the stage of adolescence and college. I chose this particular problem because my dad constantly says he has it. Every night it is “Im so stressed!” I asked him one night, “what does stress mean?” He answered with,” I have absolutely no clue.” For some it may be humorous, but for some it might a troubling. Feeling the issue of stress and not knowing what it means, says that you have no way to protect yourself and how you are going to avoid in the following of your life. Knowing about what stress is, allows the brain to assess it’s situation and give the correct way to handle and avoid stress. I think that stress, is highly misjudged. People presume it is only a minor problem. For some it might possibly be, but what they don’t see is that stress can and most likely ,if not stopped, become the gateway for depression and anxiety and some heart-breaking cases of suicides. This problem, as I have stated before, mostly affects the lives of career -takers and adolescents/college. This is mainly because that these to status’ have a colossal amount of work to be done. During adolescents schools can increasingly difficult, since everyone is aiming to get that one spot in a highly prestigious college, most likely leading to a successful life. The work sometimes is insurmountable. This is most likely when stress starts to take place. Leading to a lack of sleep(anxiety) and a pulse rise.

Over this week I have endeavored to the fact that stress should, most definitely, be taken seriously. Or at least know what is stress and how to avoid and deal with it. I have also learnt that unlike ,most people think, stress could actually be a good thing for the human mind. This function of stress is called eustress. Literally meaning “good stress.” Eustress is what allows the mind to gain adrenaline and makes you get started.The opposite;however, is the most common way of seeing through the glass of stress. The negativity of stress is always most certainly there, most definitely when stress undermines your brain which will largely affect your mental,social, and small parts of physical health. This states to the fact that people should try to see the positivity in stress. A different angle or perspective. This connects with wellness because, there are so many things happening in your body; like a well oiled machine, and stress one of those things that seems to go unnoticed. To have a better understanding of wellness you need to understand yourself and what is unseen in it.

Life Support – Elena

The picture shows a man o life support in a hospital. It also shows the complex life support machines.

The picture shows a man on life support in a hospital. It also shows the complex life support machines.

Life support is a computerised system that hospitals use to do a body’s work for it if, for whatever reason, it can no longer function properly. “Pulling the Plug” is the common phrase for taking a person off of life support when they have little or no hope left for recovery. This responsibility is given to the patient’s family. I chose to research life support because of an interesting discussion that our wellness class had on “pulling the plug” and life support. I also chose this topic because of the recent tragedy with Mr. O’Neel. He was an ES teacher at ISM who got into a motorcycle accident during the summer holidays. He was on life support in a coma after the crash, but his family eventually decided to pull the plug. This is an extremely relevant and important topic because anybody – teenagers, children, adults, family members, friends – can get into an accident and need life support. It is also important to talk to your family about wishes for pulling the plug, so that you all know how to react if anybody ever got fatally hurt and was put on life support.

While researching this topic I learned that life support was issued when the patient loses control of their lungs (near drowning, pneumonia, drug overdose, blood clot), heart (cardiac arrest, heart attack), or brain (stroke, severe blow to head). I also learned more about the ongoing debate over whether family members should be able to “pull the plug”, and whether that is fair and just. On one hand, it stops their life, but on the other, it prolongs their suffering. I believe that life support is an amazing invention and has saved countless lives. I also believe that family members should only be able to “pull the plug” when there is no hope left for the patient. I have changed my thinking after researching this topic because I previously believed that family members should not be able to decide when the patient’s life is over, but I now understand how it could do them a favour by ending their suffering and letting them move on from the pain. This has influenced my thinking about wellness because I can now understand that wellness is different for every person, just like some people would want to be unplugged and believe that pulling the plug is the solution, whereas others believe that it is cruel and unacceptable. Wellness and health only lasts until you pull the plug.