Diabetes Mellitus by Martina

I have always heard my family talk about diabetes, but was not completely sure what it was. That was the main reason why I decided to choose this topic for my Health Buzz. As I started to research some more, though, I realized that I also wanted to talk about diabetes to help teens watch their lifestyle and possibly prevent type 2 diabetes. Learning about diabetes has definitely expanded my learning because I am more aware of a disease that is extremely common and can affect anyone. More about what I have learned will be included in the next paragraphs and in my presentation to the class. Like many others, I connect to this as diabetes is common in my family. This means I should be even more aware of my diet and lifestyle. It is important to convince others to be mindful of their diet and amount of physical activity. Type 2 diabetes affects teenagers because it can occur in physically inactive and overweight people, yes, including teenagers. More and more children are becoming obese, resulting in more and more children having diabetes. Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented but still is most commonly found during childhood and adolescence.

The first thing I learned was that diabetes is also referred to as diabetes mellitus. It is an illness where the body cannot properly store and use the energy found in foods. I also learned that there are three types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes usually happens during childhood and adolescence but can affect adults as well. The main cause of this type of diabetes is passed down through genetics. Viruses can also play a role in causing type 1 diabetes. A low intake of vitamin D and an exposure to dairy during infancy are also some other causes. Type 1 diabetes, though, cannot be prevented and is much less common than type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes can be prevented. Type 2 diabetes is found commonly in overweight and/or physically inactive people. It can also be found in people that resist insulin. The image below shows what happens to glucose if this happens. Genetics also play a part in diabetes as you are more at risk if a family member has it. More importantly, though, making sure you have enough exercise and having a balanced diet is the best way to prevent type 2 diabetes. Lastly, Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women, something we can’t really connect to. It works the same way as type 2 diabetes, though, with having high levels of glucose and not enough insulin.

I used to think that there was only one type of diabetes. Now, I know that there are three types of diabetes, two of which us teens can all relate to. After learning about this topic, I have been watching what I have been eating and making sure that I have had enough exercise. It is important for my peers to learn this as well as they should do the same. This has influenced my thinking about wellness because now I understand the importance of exercise and diet in our everyday lives. Also, I have learned that a big part of health and wellness can come from genetics and some just have to be more careful in preventing diseases their family is prone to.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes. Digital image. EpiMigrant. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2015.