Progeria by Janna

What is Progeria?

Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome “Progeria” or “HGPS” is a rare, deadly genetic condition characterized by an appearance of accelerated aging in children.  Its name is derived from Greek means “prematurely old.”  While there are different forms of Progeria, the original type is HGPS. Other Progeroid syndromes include Werner’s syndrome, also known as “adult progeria” which does not have an onset until the late teen years, with a lifespan into the 40’s and 50’s. 90% of children with Progeria have a mutation on the gene that encodes Lamin A, a protein that holds the nucleus of the cell together. It is believed that the defective Lamin A protein makes the nucleus unstable. This instability seems to lead to the process of premature aging among Progeria patients. Progeria appears to occur without cause – it is not seen in siblings of affected children. In extremely rare cases more than one child in the same family may have the condition. Also Progeria is hereditary.

What are the characteristics of Progeria?

In Progeria patients, the cell nucleus has dramatically aberrant morphology. Children with Progeria are born looking healthy. When they are about 10 to 24 months old, features of accelerated aging start to appear. Signs of Progeria may include:

  • Growth failure
  • Loss of body fat
  • Loss of hair
  • Skin starts to look aged
  • Stiffness in the joints
  • Hip dislocation
  • Cardio and heart disease
  • Stroke 

Although they may come from varying ethnic backgrounds, children with Progeria have a surprisingly similar appearance. Progeria patients generally die between the ages of 8 and 21 – with the average age being only 13.

How does HGPS Affect Us?

I have no relationship with anybody diagnosed with HGPS, and although this does not effect me and maybe even some people in this classroom. It affects the people surrounding killing them at an early age. And without an personal relationship with many people I feel that HGPS is unappreciated.

Lung Cancer- Pavan

Why Did I Choose This Topic?

I chose this topic because I felt that many people are aware of lung cancer but don’t really know it affects them. It is a very difficult disease to cure and very hard to prevent from spreading. Lung cancer happens to be the most common cancer in the world.

About Lung Cancer:

Lung cancer originates in the lungs, but can spread to other parts of the body. Cancer that begins elsewhere but spreads to the lungs is not lung cancer.According to the U.S Centers For Disease Control (CDC), lung cancer is the second most diagnosed cancer in the United States. Nonsmokers can get lung cancer too, but smoking is the leading cause. In the past few decades, the rate of lung cancer has fallen at about the same rate as cigarette smoking.

Who Gets It and Why?

Anyone can get lung cancer, but certain factors put you at greater risk. Smoking is the number one risk factor. You are also at increased risk if you have a family history of lung cancer, especially a parent or sibling.Other dangers include exposure to secondhand smoke, radon gas, or asbestos. Substances like arsenic, nickel, and chromium can also pose a risk

Relevancy To Teens?

Many teenagers are beginning to smoke now due to various reasons. One of the main ones is peer pressure. Teenage is a delicate phase, and it’s easier to give in to temptations and peer pressure, especially about smoking. Thus it is important to always be strong with your decision and avoid going towards poeple who smoke.

Why Do The Lungs Look Black?

As you can see in the picture below  the smoker’s lungs look dark and blackish. The reason for this is Under the microscope, with this high magnification, you can actually see the black and brown engulfed particles in the alveolar scavenger cells. These scavenger cells are engulfed with  particles of impurities and debris. Each time the smoker was inhaling the chemicals they were getting gathered up in the scavenger cells

Cures?

There are 3 main cures for lung cancer, surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. You may have an operation to remove the tumor and the surrounding tissue. This may mean that the surgeon may remove a part of the lower lung, or the whole lung. Radio therapy is is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells. Chemotherapy is the use of anti-cancer drugs to destroy cancer cells, and most of it is through injections or drips.

Symptoms:

People with early stage lung cancer are often unaware that anything is wrong. As the cancer grows, a chronic cough may develop. Smokers may notice a change in their “smoker’s cough” or may start coughing up blood. Many patients report hoarseness, wheezing, and frequent shortness of breath. You may also experience chest pain, bone pain, or headache.

What Did I Learn?

I learned several things whilst researching on this topic. One of the main things was why the lungs itself  becomes very black and dark. I also had the oppurtunity in class to actually see a mini model on how a smoker’s lungs looked like and that helped me get a better understanding on the cancer cells, and the lungs itself. I also became more aware of other types of cancer which is also very deadly and dangerous. Lung cancer made me become more aware of this situation and I was able to understand how dangerous it is to breathe into these hazardous chemicals.

How to Help Prevent Lung Cancer:

Dont Smoke. If you never smoked then don’t start. Talk to your children and friends about it so that they will also be more aware of this situation.

Avoid secondhand smoke. If you live or work with a smoker, urge him or her to quit. At the very least, ask him or her to smoke outside. If you walk into a group in which people are smoking just cover your mouth and nose and walk past them quickly.

Test your home for radon. Have the radon levels in your home checked, especially if you live in an area where radon is known to be a problem. High radon levels can be remedied to make your home safer.

Eat a diet full of fruits and vegetables. Choose a healthy diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables. Food sources of vitamins and nutrients are best. Avoid taking large doses of vitamins in pill form, as they may be harmful. For instance, researchers hoping to reduce the risk of lung cancer in heavy smokers gave them beta carotene supplements.

 

 

 

Panic Attack – Sanjana

panic-400x266

My Topic for health buzz is Panic Attacks.

The Reason I chose this topic because my mom was diagnosed with A Panic attack. She had to go to the hospital for regular check ups and sometimes even stayed there. I Soon wanted to know the causes and how she got them, but i gave up. Now i have the chance to tell you, how a panic attack can occur at any point.  So, Many people have faced stress in their life from time to time. Its natural and normal for anyone to get it. I have faced it as well, But this could lead you into having a panic attack, which usually stays in you once you get it.

A Panic Attack is a rush of intense physical symptoms. These symptoms of panic can be frightening and happen suddenly, often not for a clear reason.

What causes Panic attacks? Technically anxiety and panic, to a certain extent, are a necessary part of our survival. However, when levels become so high that they undermine our thought processes, we naturally become afraid of them. Our brains receive a massive surge of nervous signals designed to warn us of imminent danger. The Amygdala, a part of the brain, is activated. The Amygdala controls our anxious responses.

A few people have their Amygdala react with anxiety when there is no imminent danger, making it much more likely that they will experience high anxiety and panic attacks.

The Symptoms of Panic Attacks:

When we are given the signal to react with anxiety we produce Adrenaline (epinephrine). Adrenaline is released in the Adrenal Glands. Some people call adrenaline the “fight or flight” hormone. A release of adrenaline into your system can lead you to:

  • Shortness of breath or hyperventilation.
  • Heart palpitations or a racing heart.
  • Chest pain or discomfort.
  • Trembling or shaking.
  • Choking feeling.
  • Feeling unreal or detached from your surroundings.
  • Sweating.
  • Nausea or upset stomach.

How to Prevent A Panic Attack?

The following simple suggestions that may help you prevent panic attacks:

  • Learn relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing and muscle stretches –Search up some to help you–
  • Eat regular meals to stabilise your blood sugar levels.
  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol and smoking – these can make panic attacks worse.

Important:  Should you see your doctor about panic attacks?  

A panic attack “can” make you feel like you’re about to die but it’s mostly harmless once the symptoms pass. But, in some cases, you may need medical advice.

Seek medical advice if:

  • Your panic attack continues after following these breathing techniques for 20 minutes.
  • You still feel unwell after your breathing returns to normal.
  • You still have a rapid or irregular heartbeat or chest pains after your panic attack.
  • You regularly have panic attacks, as this could be a sign that you have A panic disorder.  

So now i hope you understand that stress is not going to last for an hour or so.. and can lead you into great danger. Try using some of those tips to help you prevent them, which i personally would not want to get. Hope you didn’t get too.. bored!

Thank you!

Stoke – By Sofia

What is brain stroke?

A stroke occurs if the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a portion of the brain is blocked. Without oxygen, brain cells start to die after a few minutes. Sudden bleeding in the brain also can cause a stroke if it damages brain cells. STROKE is the third leading cause of death in the United States and Hawaii, and a leading cause of serious, long-term disability. On average, one person in the U.S. has a stroke every 40 seconds and one person dies from stroke every four minutes.

Three kinds of brain stroke.

There are three types of brain stroke.

Ischemic Stroke
About 80 percent of strokes are ischemic. An ischemic stroke is most frequently caused by a blood clot that lodges in an artery and blocks the flow of blood to a part of the brain. High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for ischemic stroke.

Hemorrhagic Stroke
A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel ruptures within the brain. About 15 to 20 percent of strokes are hemorrhagic. There are two kinds of stroke due to ruptured blood vessels:  subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured aneurysms and intracerebral hemorrhage due to ruptured blood vessels.   In both types of hemorrhagic stroke, blood flow is disrupted to part of the brain.

Transient Ischemic Strokes (TIA)
About 10 percent of strokes follow incidents called transient ischemic attacks, or TIAs. A TIA is a “mini-stroke” that occurs when a blood clot blocks an artery for a short time. TIAs may occur days, weeks or months before the onset of a stroke. The symptoms of a TIA are like the warning signs of a stroke, but they usually last only a few minutes. TIAs are strong predictors of stroke risk. Don’t ignore them. Call 9-1-1 or seek emergency medical attention immediately.

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

Arthritis – Diresh

I chose this issue because my grandma has arthritis. I have seen her hands bent and swollen and I wanted to know more about this topic. This has expanded my learning because I never knew exactly what arthritis was. I only knew that it makes your joints swell up but it is much more. It makes your cartilage mass decrease and the fluids in your joints which causes your joints to swell up and bend. It can affect teens and the name for the arthritis that affects children in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) or Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA). JRA has three main types pauciarticular,  polyarticular and systemic. It is important because many children have it and it is difficult for them to face it. Approximately 294,000 children in the U.S have some kind of Juvenile Arthritis.

I learned about the effects of arthritis. It causes a lot of pain and swelling. This is caused by the over amount of fluid in the joints. I also learned about a lot about the different types arthritis for children. I think that this is a very important issue that everyone should know about. My summary is that arthritis is not fatal but it can be very hard for the people with it and also the people around them. My thinking has changed because I did not realise that arthritis is much more than just swollen or bent finger. It has influenced my thinking about wellness because I thought of wellness as mostly physical health. Arthritis is a mostly physical ailment but it affects every aspect of health.