Seizures are a sudden attack of illness, especially a stroke or an epileptic fit. There are many types of seizures, and many things that can cause them. Seizures can be quite lethal as very long seizures can lead to coma or death.
The different types of seizures are non-epileptic seizures which occur after a head injury, epileptic seizures, which occur during epilepsy and affect only one side of the brain and body and generalized seizures, which affect the entire brain and body. What causes seizures is sudden electrical activity in the brain. This is shown in the picture below. This electrical activity might be caused by alcohol, bites or stings, brain infection, brain injury, brain defect, choking, drug abuse, drug withdrawals, electrolyte imbalance, electric shock, epilepsy, extremely high blood pressure, fever, head trauma, kidney or liver failure, low blood glucose levels, stroke.
The different things that can happen when you have a seizure are blackouts then confusion, muscle spasms, drooling or frothing at your mouth, falling, strange taste in your mouth, clenching your teeth, sudden or rapid eye movements, unusual noises, losing control of your bladder, or sudden mood changes. The effects of this can be death, coma, injury, injury to others. I left untreated, seizures become worse. If you have a seizure, then you should go to the doctor as soon as possible. If someone else around you has a seizure, then you should clear the area around them, remove any dangerous objects from them, lay them down on their side with their head cushioned, and stay with them at a safe distance. Contact the emergency help if the person experiences repeated seizures, doesn’t wake up after a seizure, or if the seizure lasts more than 2-5 minutes. Sometimes before you have a seizure, you have some “symptoms” or “warning signs”. These can include sudden fear or anxiety, feeling sick to your stomach, dizziness, changes in vision.
The relevance of this topic to teens is that if someone else or you have a seizure you know what to do. The reason I chose this topic is to extend my knowledge on it. I used to think that seizures consisted only of muscle spasms and shaking and then it was over, but now I know it is much more than just that. That seizures can be dangerous, and come in many different forms.