Carly-The Cycles Of Sleep

This is an image that shows some of the vocabulary that is related to REM sleep.

This is an image that shows some of the vocabulary that is related to REM sleep.

This is an image that has some of the vocabulary related to Non-REM sleep.

This is an image that has some of the vocabulary related to Non-REM sleep.

This topic is relevant to me because I have always been interested in what happens to us when we sleep. I used to know that we went through some cycle between deep sleep and lighter sleep (where we dreamed), but I never really knew that much about the subject before now. I think that this topic is important to know about because I believe that we all should get to know ourselves as best we can, and getting to know our self’s asleep, is no different than getting to know our self when we are awake. It is also important because we must understand ourselves before we can hope to improve ourselves, on build upon ourselves if that is what we aim to do.

This topic effects teenager because at our age we need a lot of sleep. Because of this, I believe that it is important to understand how our body works when we sleep because it is such a vital thing for us right now, and how much sleep you get, might effect how you turn out as an adult later.

I learned that there were two main cycles of sleep. REM and Non-REM sleep. There are about 3 sub cycles within those main cycles. I also learned, that when you are in REM sleep, this is the part of your sleep where you do the majority of your dreaming. You can dream in Non-REM sleep, but it is mostly impressions, or feelings, rather than a 3D mind movie (like you find in REM sleep).

My final opinion is that it is very important to get enough sleep. We rely on being able to sleep at night, and if that was taken away from us, we would go down hill very quickly.

Not everyone gets the recommend amount of sleep, so if people know more about this topic, then maybe they will be inclined to get more sleep.


MUN Background Guide Activities

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You’ll be tackling the topic of Elimination of Nuclear Weapons.  Here you’ll find the link to a google doc that will ask you to work with your table to explore issues, symptoms, and implications of this topic.


Use your background guide, each other, and the sources listed in my blog to help you find information.


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You’ll be tackling the topic of Universal Access to Clean Water.  Here you’ll find the link to a google doc that will ask you to work with your table to explore issues, symptoms, and implications of this topic.

Use your background guide, each other, and the sources listed in my blog to help you find information.


Model United Nations

imgres   WHAT IS MODEL U.N.? Model United Nations (M.U.N.) is a simulation of an actual United Nations Conference. Students will typically role-play delegates to a specific country in the General Assembly and tackle pertinent issues being debated in the U.N. today.   The activity will asks the students to partake in and showcase substantial researching, public speaking, debating, and writing skills, as well as critical thinking, teamwork, and leadership roles.


This year we will be focusing on one topic at our conference:

A BLOCKTotal Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

H BLOCK: Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons


QUIZLETS for Nuclear Weapons Conference:

Lucid Dreaming Pari

What is Lucid Dreaming?

Lucid Dreaming is a state of sleep where you’re dreaming, but you’re still conscious. It gives you the ability to actively control your dreams. All of your senses can be used!

How do you Lucid Dream?


  1. Throughout your day (awake) keep checking your hands, because in dreams they morph. Getting used to this will help you know if you’re dreaming, and if you know you’re dreaming you can take control of you dream.
  2. Tell yourself “I will remember my dream tonight, and I will dream about -blank-“ make your brain listen
  3. Constantly ask yourself if you’re dreaming throughout your day, and keep checking if you’re asleep by pinching yourself, and the hand trick.
  4. Write in a dream journal to help you remember your dream

First you just remember your dream, and mildy control them (like telling yourself you’re gonna dream about something before you sleep.)

This is not going to happen easily, so you have to be committed.

Types of Lucid Dreams

Lucid Nightmares:

In most cases when you’re lucid dreaming you have almost complete control of what situations you put yourself in, but sometimes that’s not the case. Sometimes parts of your unconscious mind can cause you to have nightmares.

False Awakening:

This is where you falsely wake up during a dream, and you know it, but you’re unable to get you conscious mind to wake up. You try to control the situation but can’t, usually until you see something weird that causes your brain to snap.

Why did I pick this topic?

I’ve always been very interested in the concept of Lucid Dreaming. It fascinates me that we have the ability to do whatever we want while we’re asleep.

Camella Cragun – Bacteria



A picture of E. Coli, which is one of the dangerous types of bacteria. In fact, this thing is swimming in your intestine right now!

What is bacteria? 

     Bacteria is a simple celled microscopic organism. It is also a prokaryotic cell, so it doesn’t have a nucleus or any organelles. Bacteria can typically survive without a host, which means it can survive by itself. Bacteria is a living organism and it can survive by itself. Viruses, on the other hand are non living and they require a host to survive.

Why is bacteria important?

     Not all types of bacteria are a health risk. In fact, without bacteria we wouldn’t be able to survive. They help in the functioning of our bodies, the reduction of waste (because some types of bacteria can indeed eat waste), it helps us understand epidemics and diseases and it has aided scientists to create medicine. Bacteria is not always a health risk. In fact, only a fraction of bacteria is considered bad, most of it is either neutral or helpful.

Why did I pick this issue to present?

     The topic of cells and immunology fascinates me. I thought it would be a very interesting topic to chose and study about. Most of the time we mistake bacteria and viruses as the same thing, so I thought it would be very beneficial to know the difference of the two. In addition, when I grow older I would like to pursue a career in biochemistry and I thought having background information would aid me in the future.

How does this relate to me?

     In my family many of people have been affected by typhoid and food poisoning. Most cases of which the family member almost passed away. I thought it would be interesting to research of the cause and give myself a better background knowledge to try prevent people from getting sick.

Some problems and solutions:

The biggest problem overall is the idea of getting sick. Bacteria thrive in dirty environments, so it is very important to clean yourself regularly and thoroughly.

Pollution from waste is also a problem. Bacteria can be used to prevent waste by decomposing the trash. I hope scientists will continue to use this method to prevent types of waste.

I hope this has changed your thinking of how types bacteria are not all bad, and can be useful. Thank you for reading.

Ways to Improve your Memory- Alekhya

Why is memory loss a problem:

Memory loss is a sign of having the alzheimer disease. It is the most common form of dementia, it affects your behavior, thinking and memory. Many people with this disease are 65 years or older but around 5% of the people with this disease have gotten it at the age of 40 to 50. It worsens over time and eventually causes death. There is no cure for it yet.

I chose this because I found out that many people lose their memory by the age of 40 or 50 and I wanted to find out how I could prevent that from happening to me.

Get lots of exercise:

When you exercise it increases oxygen levels to your brain and it also reduces the chance of getting disorders that cause memory loss. An average person should get at least an hour of exercise each day.

Get sufficient sleep:

When you don’t get enough sleep your brain can’t operate at full capacity so you tend to forget things. Research shows that your memory improves during the deepest part of your sleep. An average teenager should get at least 8-9 hours of sleep.

Don’t get stressed:

Stress damages brain cells and your hippocampus; the part of the brain that forms new memories and retrieves old ones. Meditation and socializing with other people is a good way to keep stress in control.

Have a good diet:

A diet that contains fruits, vegetables and whole grains is certainly good for your health but did you know that foods like these are good for your brain. Walnuts, kidney beans, broccoli, pumpkin seeds and soybeans all contain Omega-3; a fatty acid that is particularly good for brain health. You should limit calories and saturated fats as they weaken your concentration and memory. You should drink at least 8 glasses of water each day.

Exercise your brain:

The more you workout your brain the better you will be able to recall and process information. Activities that require using your hands such as; playing an instrument, table tennis, knitting or doing puzzles like crosswords or sudoku are a great way to recall information as they challenge your hand-eye coordination and creativity.

Don’t multitask:

It causes your brain to slows down; you need at least 8 seconds to process information so when you multitask you are more likely to forget stuff.