Facial Perception, Recognition, and Evaluation

Have you ever actually wondered how we are so good at seeing faces? We see faces in the moon, on Mars, and even faces in clouds, cracks in the walls, and mail-boxes.

You also probably never thought about why you could tell between your mother and your best friend, and almost instantly know their emotions.

But this is exactly what my topic is about. I love psychology, the way the brain works, and speculation on why it works the way it does. I actually came across this topic through a handful of different documentaries and videos, one of which was Brain Games. This idea that we are programmed to see faces really mesmerized me.

People don’t appreciate this topic and what it does for all humans. Without it, our lives would be very different, and this can be seen in people who have diseases and brain damage that inhibit them from recognizing faces. We are all very social animals, and without the ability to recognize faces, we loose this sociality. I can not say whether or not we would be lonely, but I can say that without the ability to comprehend faces, there would be no such thing as social health.

Other faces keep us healthy, and are a passage through which empathy and social maturity flows. If we couldn’t distinguish between people, as some people can’t, due to mental disease, children would never reach social maturity.

Because we are all dependent on this system, people who lack certain elements of this ability suffer gravely. As of today, like other mental diseases and brain damage, there is no direct cure. People with diseases such as prosopagnosia need to learn to recognize people in other manners. One man, before discovering he had ‘face blindness’ told a friend at the movies that it was silly that robbers covered their faces, since you could still see the rest of their body. Unlike other diseases, prosopagnosia and other face blindnesses can be worked around using other techniques of recognizing people.

In the end I have realized that without the ability to recognize and decode faces, we wouldn’t be social animals. We would be loners. But because we have had this ability since the day we are born, we take it for granted. We don’t realize how much of the brain goes into making facial recognition work, and how lucky we are to have it.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is when your lungs are infected by either bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses.Pneumonia can be really dangerous because it can actually bring death to whoever has it. Even though it can cause death, it is because the person gets really sick which makes things worse. To treat pneumonia depending on how bad it is. It it is deadly then it’s to go to the hospital so that they can treat you and help you fight through it, but if it isn’t that bad then it can be treated at home using certain antibiotic, drinking fluids, and even having enough sleep. By the way pneumonia can affect babies, children, teenagers, adults, and elderly people.

Effects include:
Loss of appetite
vomiting
High fever
shortness of breath
nausea
sweating and
a chill.

Joseph – Effects Of Sports On Teens

Screen Shot 2014-03-28 at 11.22.40 AMThis is relevant to me because I play a lot of sports, and I think more teens should play sports. This affects teenagers because most teens nowadays are unfit, due to all of the fast food they consume. I learned about how sports can affect everyone in a good way. Some problems connected to this are diabetes, because they don’t play enough sports but they eat too much sugar, and obesity, because they eat too much fast food and then they aren’t fit enough to play sports, making them unhealthy and sure to die early. My opinion was always that teenagers should play more sports, and my thinking was also the same.

PS.

If you play sports, especially soccer, don’t fake (Like Neymar).

Death- Hanna

I chose death as a Health Buzz because it’s something that fascinates me for many reasons. The chemicals involved interest me, the view of religion on death interests me, and the view of humans in general on death interests me. Death is important for people to know about because as morbid as it sounds, it comes to us all in the end. It is also important for people to know because death is usually romanticised or made out to be super scary or dangerous in pop culture (e.g. zombies) and people need to see it in more real life terms. While it is not quite so cheerful I had a lot of fun doing it and I hope you guys had fun watching me present it! Ciao!

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Making Healthy Choices

Making Healthy Choices – Utsav

Pros: 

-Important for giving essential nutrients that is necessary for your body to function properly.

-They can taste refreshing and nice

-Avoid dangerous diseases

– No fat or cholesterol.

Unhealthy food

– Sugar, Soft Drinks, Cheese, Fried food and Refined Food

Healthy Food

Fruits and Vegetables, Whole wheat, Produce, Beans and Nuts, Dairy

Crazy Stats

– 350 slices of pizza are eaten every second

150,000 fast food joints in the US

2/10 kids skip breakfast daily

50 million people are served fast food in the us alone!

Teens from the ages 12-19 drink 22 ounces of soda daily.

MAKE HEALTHY CHOICES! Healthy Buzz

 

Brain Attack- Andrea


80% OF STROKES CAN BE PREVENTED.

Turns out three isn’t really the magic number. Thanks for nothing schoolhouse rock.

Like zombies need brains, brains need blood. A stroke is caused when either a blood clot blocks an artery or a blood vessel breaks. If this happens, blood supply is cut off, brain cells die resulting in brain damage, and abilities controlled by that section are lost (i.e. speech, movement, memory). It’s literally like your brain is under attack with nothing there to protect it.

Notice:

Certain people are at more risk of having a stroke than others. Though it can happen to anyone at anytime, people with diabetes, high blood pressure, and the elderly should pay extra attention. Symptoms of strokes will be abrupt so you have to be prepared. Some include:

  • numbness/ weakness (paralysis on one side)

  • dizziness

  • difficulty talking/ understanding- sudden confusion

  • problems with balance/ coordination

  • hard time swallowing

  • sudden and severe headaches

  • blacking out/ sudden trouble seeing

Emergency:

Time is EVERYTHING.  You can’t call 911 in the Philippines and ambulances can be useless in traffic.

What to do:

  • call a trusted adult.

  • you have drivers- use them!

  • contact the hospital, you don’t want to waiting once you get there.

  • make sure the hospital you go to has the SUPPLIES and KNOWLEDGE to treat a stroke

DO NOT RELY ON THE HOSPITAL TO GIVE YOU INFO- BE PROACTIVE; BE PREPARED.



Forget Nipping It in the Bud

Don’t even let the bud grow in the first place.

  • know blood pressure

  • identify atrial fibrillation (abnormal heart rate)

  • stop smoking

  • control alcohol usage

  • control your diet and exercise

  • treat circulation problems (no fatty deposits to block arteries)

  • Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA) short term stroke symptoms- get help!

 

Strokes happen F.A.S.T., act faster.

It could be somebody close to you. Knowing this info can save a life, or even just limit the damage. We all have grandparents at age of high risk and parents that it could happen to at any moment. Strokes will catch you by surprise. They don’t care if you’re on vacation or the timing isn’t right. Same policy with hospitals here, if we want to be real.

 

STROKES ARE A REAL THING

Don’t make the mistake of waiting for it to happen to you.

Obesity-Mayuresh

What is Obesity?

Obesity is when you have a lot of body fat. This is different from other things like being overweight, which would mean weighing too much. This includes muscle, bone, fat, body water etc. One interesting fact about this is that worldwide obesity has doubled since 1980. One more interesting fact about this is that more than 40 million children, who were under the age of five, were overweight in 2011.

What causes Obesity?

Obesity can take place when you have a higher intake of calories, then the calories that are used by your body. The amount of calories you should eat everyday depends on your height, weight, daily exercise etc.  A person with the body mass index of 30 or more is obese. Emotional factors can also lead to obesity, like when you are bored you tend to eat more. Research shows that people, who sleep less, eat more food because they prefer to eat foods that are high in calories.

What does Obesity cause?

Obesity increases your chances of getting certain diseases like heart disease, diabetes and some cancers.

What can we do to prevent it?

You can come up with your own exercise plane, for us we need about 60 minutes of regular exercise every day.  Eat healthy meals, include fruits and vegetables, and prevent foods that are very oily. You should have a healthy diet, that includes the specific amounts of each type of category from the: My Pyramid. You shouldn’t eat too much of each type of the category.

Why is this topic important?

This topic is important because child obesity and adult obesity is increasing around the world. This is a major problem as obesity can lead to many diseases as I said. It is important that we know about this so we can prevent this from happening to us, so we can be safe.

This is the script, and follows along with the slides on the powerpoint. Obesity Presentation

Swimming by Sarah Daniels

Many people maybe find it a bit hard to choose a sport to stick too, so today I will tell you why swimming is a great, if not the best choice.

This personally relates to me because I do a lot of swimming and it is one of the sports I have chosen to stick to. It is important because I go swimming almost everyday.

How does it affect teenagers

It affects teenagers because it can be either an individual or team sport so they can enjoy the company of friends and focus on themselves individually. It is also a really good sport for physical fitness.

A lot of people may think swimming is simply child’s play or summer time fun. But swimming is actually a very physical sport, and you can have a fun time doing it too.

What swimming helps with:

Swimming provides spectacular cardiovascular conditioning, only if you practice consistently.

Swimming builds longer, leaner muscles. “Swimmer’s muscles” also help boost metabolism to keep calories burning longer.

A heated pool relaxes muscles, increasing flexibility. After other exercises, an easy swim helps flush out toxins preventing muscle tightness and soreness the following day.

Why choose swimming over other sports:

Running increases cardiovascular fitness and tones the lower body.

Rowing builds endurance and strength in both the upper body and lower body.

Weightlifting tones or builds strength in the muscles targeted.

Pilates and yoga improve core strength and flexibility.

When you’re a swimmer, there’s no need to choose each day whether you’ll focus on your upper body or lower body, muscular strength or cardiovascular endurance, core strength or overall flexibility.

Problem and Solution

  • Swimmer’s ear is an inflammation of the ear canal, it is the growth of bacteria.

Keep ears dry by gently tipping the head from side to side after each swim. Dry the outer ear with a soft towel or cloth to get rid of any water.

Did you know:

  • An hour of vigorous swimming will burn up to 650 calories. It burns off more calories than walking or biking.

  • Swimming is also good for reducing stress and because the buoyancy of the water reduces body weight by about 90%

  • Because water is about 800 times denser than air, you can work harder, and burn more calories, in a pool than out of it.

What did I learn

I learned that swimming helps with all the 5 components of fitness. Cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition.

What is my final opinion on this

Swimming is the best sport on offer. This is because it helps with all the 5 components of fitness and it helps socially mentally and physically. It is also a very fun way to stay fit and healthy. I think everyone needs to have swimming in their life even for just a little bit.

How has my thinking changed

At first I only thought swimming was just for physical fitness. Well, it is but I only thought it helped a little but actually it helps your upper body and lower body, muscular strength and cardiovascular endurance, core strength and overall flexibility.

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OCD by Rowena

OCD

OCD stands for obsessive-compulsive disorder. OCD is an anxiety disorder which is basically uncontrollable thoughts and repetitive actions/behaviors that you feel that you must do. OCD people do these irrational behaviors because they are unable to resist them. When you have OCD, the warning system in your body is not working properly and you feel like you’re in danger, even when you’re not. You become very anxious and stressed; you feel like the only way to fix the problem is to practice these behaviors, so that you feel safe.

here’s how you can tell if someone has OCD:

The person has obsessions and has compulsive behaviors that get in the way of important things and take a lot of time.

 

for example:

if you organize your markers in rainbow order that’s perfectly fine (most people do). However if you organize your markers constantly, take so much time organizing them, and you feel very stressed and panicked that the markers are not in a certain order, you may have OCD.

Another example:

If your mother checks that the oven is turned off before you leave the house that perfectly fine, and a good idea. However, if she checks that oven is off many times and feel extremely stressed and constantly worries that the house is going to burn down, she may have OCD. Her worries are getting in the way of her life and she needs help.

common obsessions include:

– extreme fear of germs and diseases

– extreme fear of hurting themselves

– extreme fear of being responsible of something horrendous such as fire, hurting someone, burglary

– extreme fear of everything not being exact and being perfect in their mind

– extreme fear of losing things

– extreme fear of forgetting something

– not being able throw things away because they feel that it may be important

– being extremely superstitious about unlucky/lucky items

– religious obsessions such as extreme concern about offending god

– washing or cleaning items excessively

– checking things over and over again

– accumenting items which leads to hoarding

 OCD hand

 

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guiding questions:

1. How is this issue relevant to you? Why is it important?

This issue is relevant to me because I have wondered what OCD exactly was. Also my Uncle has OCD problems and I wanted to learn more about this illness.

2. How does it affect teenagers?

Research has shown that around 1 in 200-500,000 kids and teens have OCD. This affects teens may have untreated OCD problems that affect their schoolwork, friendship, and everyday issues.

3. What did you learn about this issue?

I learnt that OCD can be dangerous and self-destructive. I learnt that some habits and behaviors are completely normal and some aren’t.

4. What is your final opinion about this issue?

My final opinion is that is serious problem and should be handled with care and compassion. Also we support and help people with OCD, so that they can feel loved.

5. What are some problems/solutions connected to the issue?

Some solutions to these problems are:

– getting a therapist

– cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)

– certains medicines

– deep brain stimulation (DBS)

– brain surgery (in extreme cases)

Some problems can be that you can hurt yourself and the people around you. Your quality of life will decrease and you can suffer from anxiety.

6. How has your thinking changed?

I used to think that OCD was wasn’t very serious or important but now I think that is actually can be a problem for some people and it is something that can unnoticed and should be treated.

 

Obesity by: Tino

Have you ever thought about obesity? Did you think that all it was is gaining weight, and nothing else? Well, I am here to warn you that gaining weight is not the only downside to obesity. People become obese by eating too many fatty foods, and they don’t exercise enough. Well, so whats so bad about obesity? People who are obese will have increased chances of getting diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep apnea, and gout. Seems bad, right? I’ts very bad. The best way to prevent yourself from getting any of those diseases is to not be obese, by following these tips: Eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day, and stay away from fried and fatty foods as much as possible. Spend less time in front of the computer, or television, and instead, exercise! You should be getting at least an hour of exercise a day.

When I found this topic, I was very interested in learning about it and about how to avoid it. Many people don’t even think about obesity, and just eat, eat, and eat, and don’t exercise, and that could lead to obesity, so make sure you don’t forget the consequences the next time you get a big mac with a large fries!