Ellie Morrison – Cleft Palates and Cleft Lips

I chose the topic of cleft palates and cleft lips because my mom works for a charity organization called Mabuhay Deseret, and because of that I meet a lot of kids who have cleft palates or cleft lips so I connected to this issue on a personal level. The kids that have the cleft palates and lips are able to get a surgery done so that it will be gone. Cleft lips and palates can affect your speech development and can also make it hard for you to pronounce words. This issue is important because it could happen to anyone and all people who have it need to be treated as soon as possible for the best recovery. It affects teenagers because, once again, it could happen to anyone and also there are a lot of teenagers that do have it. It effects them socially and emotionally because they could get made fun of and that could really lower there self esteem and make it harder for them to make friends. Also, it effects them physically because it effects their ability to speak and to eat.

When making this presentation, I learned that when you are developing as a child, you’re facial features like your eyes, your lips, and your nose, are all to the side and they come together as you continue developing. Researching about this expanded my learning because I now know more about the kids with cleft lips and palates that I interact with at Mabuhay and anyone with this condition. I feel that this issue is something that is very important and that it is important that people get treatment for this condition. What surprised me the most was how high of a chance that I had of having a cleft palate or lip while I was developing, and how high a chance anyone did, but didn’t have a cleft lip or palate. I can apply the new information I learned to situations where I may be talking to someone with a cleft palate or a cleft lip because I will understand them a bit more so that I can adapt to there situation. A common misconception about this topic is that if you have a cleft palate, you have a cleft lip, which is completely untrue. It is possible for someone to have a cleft lip or palate, and not also have the other. The solution to this issue is to have a surgery as soon as possible. This project has influence my thinking about wellness because now I am most likely going to want to dig deeper into topics we learn and looking at other topics.

 

This is a photo of a baby with a cleft lip and palate.


Stella Violante – Dissociative Identity Disorder

The topic that I chose is Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) or Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is a mental disorder where you have multiple identities or personalities. This issue is caused by trauma that happened early in life and the ‘switches’ are triggered by stress or memories. I chose this issue because I thought that it would be really interesting to learn about DID. It was also something that I had never heard of before so I wasn’t aware that it really existed and was a valid disorder. I have seen some examples of DID in the media, one of them being the movie Split. This doesn’t really connect to our previous learning in wellness since we have really only learned about the six areas of health. This issue is important because a lot of people that I know have also never heard of this before and I really think that more people should be aware of DID and it’s symptoms so that when you meet someone with DID you know what it is and how to deal with it. DID affects teenagers in many different ways and there are many different intensities of this disorder. There is are five overall types, and the first two fall under the moderate category. Number one is Normal is when a teenager is reading a book and blocks out the rest of the world, however this is when the person can still tell the difference between what is real and what isn’t. Everything that isn’t considered ‘Normal’ should be of concern to the parents of the individual affected. Number two is Mild. This is when someone has spaced out and is staring at nothing in particular, they are also not aware of their surroundings. This may seem harmless but could really be affecting the person’s learning. These two fall under the category of Moderate. Number three is Depersonalization. Many people refer to this as an ‘out of body’ experience. Depersonalization is the feeling that you are severed from your body. This means that some senses can be blocked out. The fourth one is called Derealization. This is when the individual feels like the world isn’t real. The world may feel foggy or distant. The last one is Severe. Severe dissociation is when the individual completely removes themselves from reality and this is when they ‘switch’.

 

I learned many things about DID including,

  • How it is caused
  • Symptoms
  • How to handle it
  • How it affects teenagers
  • How it affects all areas of wellness
  • And many other facts and statistics that I wasn’t aware of before

 

This expanded my learning because I could properly dig into how a mental disorder is caused which I have always found really interesting. I think that there is a possible cure for this and if we really research the effects of the different personalities scientists could probably find one. Something that was really surprising was that there have been cases reported in which one person has up to 100 different personalities. That was really shocking because I thought that one person could only have up to 10 personalities. My thinking has changed a lot about this topic and other mental disorders because you may think that all of these disorders are really simple to understand, but in reality there are so many things that you can learn about them. I will apply that to everything else that I have yet to learn, to not just think that learning what the definition means makes you an immediate expert on the topic. One common misconception is that DID is like schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is when a person has multiple voices in their head that tell them what to do. A person with schizophrenia knows that those are different voices and that those voices are not them. DID is when a person has multiple personalities and do not know that they have them. DID has many problems one of the most problematic is that it still has no cure, however long-term treatment will make the disorder much more manageable. The person receiving the treatment must stay committed otherwise it will not make a difference. This changed my view on wellness as there are many more things to learn about than what we have already been taught. There is much more to wellness than the food groups and how to stay fit.

 

This is a painting from an artist’s interpretation of what it feels like to have DID.

Angelo Tabanan – Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

 

ALS

By: Angelo Tabanan

 

I chose to research about amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or more commonly known as ALS because I was reading this book about someone who had a mentor who ended up dying due to ALS, and that gave me the idea of researching about ALS. Before conducting my research i knew that ALS is a progressive disease and it paralyzes you after a few years. I didn’t really have anything to connect with this because I never had to deal with ALS in my life. This disease is irrelevant to me like I said earlier I only found out about this disease because of reading this book (The book is Tuesdays with Morrie if you were wondering). This disease doesn’t really affect teenagers (teens only have around 1% chance at getting ALS) because this disease would usually strike at around 40 to 70 years old.

 

While researching about this problem I learned that your motor neurons die or degenerate therefore causing you to lose control of that certain muscle. During the process of this disease you usually lose the ability to eat, walk, talk, and at the end you lose the ability to breath. This explained parts of my learning because I wanted to learn about a disease that is impacting people’s lives. I thought that this disease was very interesting because of the fact that this disease is “sporadic” meaning it randomly infects someone for no known reason, but there are other cases where the disease is “familial” meaning that it can be inherited from other family members, luckily this is pretty rare (this happens only around 5 to 10 percent of the time). My thinking about diseases have changed because some of them just randomly happen and for some of the other diseases something needs to happen to get infected. One of the common misconceptions about this issue is that most people think this issue is exclusively only for the elderly. I see why people will think this mostly because ALS strikes on the elderly most of the time, but there are very few cases where people younger than the age of 30 get ALS. Sadly there is no cure for this disease, but there is a drug to slow down the process of the ALS called a riluzole. A riluzole works by blocking the release of a compound called glutamate, which is believed to injure nerve cells and potentially kill them. This helped me learn more about wellness, and that it isn’t only about your mental, physical, social, and emotional wellness is about almost everything.


Kota Fukuda – Food Before and After Workout

I choose a topic about food before and after workout or training. I chose this issue because I thought it was interesting that your food affects your body and muscles. I knew that proteins make more muscles, but I didn’t know why. I had a connection with this topic because I play soccer, and I wondered how to make my performance better. It also connects to our previous learning because all food can be categorized by six main nutrients, and we learned all of the nutrients. This topic affects many teenagers because many teenagers play sports, and it will be surprising for them if they knew that meal can change your performance.

I learned that what you eat before and after workout changes how your muscles grow. You need to eat carbohydrates and fats before training because those nutrients provide you energy to do some workouts. You have to drink water during a workout because it will keep you away from dehydration. Proteins are most needed nutrients after a workout because it will repair broken tissues and gives you stronger muscles. Also, you need to take minerals, especially magnesium and potassium. Potassium and magnesium will help you to build muscle. It expanded my learning because I didn’t know that food can improve your physical performance. My opinion on this issue is that you should take those nutrients before and after a workout. So that your body will make bigger muscles and you will be healthier. Interest thing was that there are different types of minerals, and each of those has different functions. My thinking had changed because before, I thought the food will not affect your performance, but now I realized that foods are important.

 

Nikhil Vaidyanathan – OCD

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder that occurs when a person gets caught in a cycle of obsessions and compulsions. I chose this issue because I thought someone who I knew had OCD. I wanted to learn more and dig into OCD. However, this whatsoever does affect me or my family. I knew it messes with you and your brain but I did not realize the devastating effects of OCD. OCD may mess up teens time management skills. Most importantly OCD can make you feel depressed and you will feel stressed. Which both you should not be feeling when you are a teen.  Some examples of OCD are extensive “double checking”. Which means you will keep on checking something like let’s take closing the stove as an example. You may close the over and over and over again even when you know the stove is logically closed your brain won’t rid the thoughts. Another common example is washing your hands. You wash over repeatedly. But you’re brain won’t stop. These “rituals” should take 1 or more hour a day.

I learned that OCD’s effects are devastating. The OCD disorder can mess up your life completely here are some side effects of OCD

 

  • Reduced quality of life.
  • Depression.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Poor interpersonal relationships.
  • High levels of stress and anxiety

 

Now I think that OCD is not just an easy “aspect” of life and I feel sympathy for people who have OCD. I think learning how people cope with OCD was interesting. A misunderstanding I personally had was that OCD affects behavior. But can be entirely mental with no outward symptoms. You may be sitting next to a person who is both obsessing and completing compulsions and not even notice.  Some solutions of OCD are

  Some solutions of OCD are

  • Cognitive/Behavioral Therapy
  • Deep brain stimulation

 

Mudita Jain – Posture

I chose to research about posture because sometimes, I find myself sitting in a way that my back looks like a ‘C’. This lead me to think about what the effects of poor posture are. We all sit down everyday-on the way to school, during lessons, to eat, to work and several other times. We all sit to relax, enjoy or work, therefore poor posture is a health issue to not just teenagers, but anyone who doesn’t maintain a good posture. I had already known that bad posture can lead to several bones to shift in your back, which can sometimes be visible, but I didn’t know how harmful it can be and its internal effects.

What seems like such a harmless and relaxing habit actually has the power to change your health. Sitting itself has its own risks but poor posture magnifies those risks and creates a greater health risks. It effects the body physically (body functions stopped working, bones shift, more likelihood of accidents, can lead to diseases), mentally (your brain cannot think as well) and emotionally (you feel more sensitive and greater pain).

The short term effects of poor posture are that when your back is slouched, your lungs bend due to the shape of the back. This limits the amount of oxygen entering your body. Your blood flow also decreases due to bent joints and muscles and is not able to flow as easily. Your brain requires both of these to be able to function effectively, but due to the limited amount supplied to the brain, it is unable to think as quickly or smartly. Temporary pause of lipoprotein lipase in your blood is also a short term effect of poor posture. Lipoprotein lipase is an enzyme your blood releases to break down the fat in your blood. While you are seated, your body is not able to burn fat as well. Headaches also occur due to tension and stress.

The long term effects are very harmful, and in some rare cases it can cause death. Swelling of muscles and small rips are caused by certain muscles being strained, stressed, or stretched for too long. These rips are not because your muscles are strained for too long, but because they are being overused. Reduced blood flow and uneven pressure in different parts of your body can lead to heart diseases, and lack of lipoprotein lipase in your blood can lead to diabetes (because of too much fat in body).  It can lead to scoliosis (where your vertebrae align to look like a ‘s’ or a ‘c’) because of bone shifts. Digestion, kidney and liver problems can also occur due to slouched positions and the efficiency of organs and body parts.

The picture below states that ‘Sitting is the new smoking’. This is because sitting for excessive amounts of time can lead to similar effects of smoking. It shows a chair looking like a deadly thing because it has the power to change your health.

The solution of this is simple, try to aim for an active lifestyle, but when you have to be in your seat, sit with good posture. Your back should be straight, the screen level at or slightly below eye level, and your elbows and wrists supported.  

The Curious Case of Alien Hand Syndrome (AHS) – Dylan Yap

The Curious Case of Alien Hand Syndrome (AHS)

By: Dylan Yap

 

I chose to do my health buzz on AHS, or Alien Hand Syndrome because I found it very alluring and thought it could be turned into an entertaining, educational presentation. This issue is important to me because there are a lot of smaller syndromes and disorders that not many people know or pay attention to, and I believe that this is one of them. This doesn’t and didn’t really affect me or any of my relatives (that I know of), but I just thought that it would be something that not many people knew about which is one of the reasons I chose to do this. I already knew the basic topics, (an uncontrollable hand due to a brain part not functioning correctly), but I didn’t know about how it could’ve been affecting any limb, how the corpus callosum worked, and a caboodle of other facts. This didn’t really connect to much of my previous learning in wellness (unless you count how internal organs like arteries and the brain are alike), but I already knew about some parts of the brain because of the workshop that we had at the start of the year talking about the brain of a teenager. As I said before, this doesn’t really relate to me or anyone I know, I just found it interesting. Although this can affect teenagers, Not many people are affected due to the rarity of this disorder (only 1 percent of Americans are affected by epilepsy, less than that has had surgery for it, less than that has had their corpus callosum removed, and even less than that receive these kinds of side-effects)

 

I learned a lot about this disorder, including:

  • How it’s caused.
  • The symptoms of it.
  • How it affects teenagers.
  • How common it is.
  • If it can be cured.
  • More negative effects on it
  • A lot more facts that I didn’t know before.

 

This really expanded my learning because I wanted to learn more about the brain, and I was able to do so. I also wanted to study a really radical and unique topic, which lead me to this disorder, and now I know a lot about it. At first, I thought that alien hand syndrome was just a fascinating topic about an annoying hand, but I really learned about the danger and smartness of the other uncontrollable limb. I think that this disorder should be focused on more, although I believe that not a lot of research has been put into it because it’s a rare cause. I found it really surprising how the afflicted limb is capable of doing complex tasks, and also how dangerous alien hand syndrome can really be. My thinking has changed for all syndromes in general, which is that although a disorder may seem simple and only somewhat of an annoyance on the outside, there’s a whole new world of recorded interesting facts that people have done research on. Some people believe that alien hand syndrome is just about hands, and also that the limb is somewhat primal and not capable of doing complex tasks like unbuttoning shirts and turning on the lights. This issue has some problems, like how dangerous and confusing AHS is, as well as the fact that it is currently incurable, but some solutions to it are to keep yourself away from dangerous things and to take some medications (doctors have found out how to keep your affected limb temporarily at bay). This helped me learn lot more about the world of wellness, and how there is so much more riveting facts and details out there to learn. I also learned a lot about how wellness isn’t just about staying fit and healthy, but also an assemblage of other topics.

A Comic On Separate Brain Hemispheres

(Cntrl+Shift+Plus To See Photo If Too Small)

Protein – Ori Katzav

I chose protein as my topic, because I think that protein is very important to our bodies.  We need protein in our bodies to grow.  In addition, hair and nails are mostly made of protein. Your body uses protein to build and repair tissues. You also use protein to make enzymes, hormones, and other body chemicals. Enzymes are chemical reaction.  Enzymes has a very important job in our bodies.  Protein is an important building block of bones, muscles, cartilage, skin, and blood.  Cartilage is the structure of your bones during your growth. Its also makes your joints more stable.   I knew that protein builds muscles, it grip your bones, and make them stronger.  Last year we learned about protein but a little bit  We learned last year with text books about protein and when to eat it.  You should eat protein after an exercise.  To build your muscles and rest.  Protein is relevant to me, because I exercise a lot during the week.  I need to know how much protein to eat and when.  Protein is a critical food group for everyone.  Most adults need about 10 to 11 ounces of a protein food each day.  The best way to eat this is to have two portions daily of 4 to 5 ounces each of a protein food.  Also, women can have up to 6 eggs per week.  Men can have up to 8 eggs per week, and no more.  Proteins need to be cooked, but not overcooked.  Avoid all pig products, although they are nutritious.  Most can contain parasite cysts or eggs, even when well-cooked.  Too much protein causes toxicity of the liver and kidneys, and excess production of proteinaceous toxins in the colon, evidenced by foul-smelling stools.  Too little protein in the diet can cause weight gain or loss, and severe malnutrition.  Protein affects teenagers, because  at that time period, where teenagers grow they need to eat right; when to stay healthy.   They should eat protein everyday to stay healthy.  If they don’t their healthy level is going to go down.                                                                                                     Image result for beef                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     learned that protein is very important to you and you need it for your daily meal.  At this time of your life where you need to eat protein to build up your muscles, joints, and bones.  Its an important food element.   I expanded my learning by learning that protein is good for your body and what things it builds.  I learned that protein increases your cells and bones.  I think that everyone should know about protein and what it does.  Protein does many things in your body that has to do with health and growth.  My opinion is that, you should eat the right amount of protein everyday.  Something surprising about protein that I didn’t know is that it builds your bones and increases your cells.  I used to think that you need a lot of protein, but you need only 4-5 ounces of protein everyday.  I use to think that if you eat a lot of protein after exercising, but now I think that you need the right amount of protein in your protein. I don’t have any miss understood about this topic.  One thing that is bad about protein is if you eat more then you need.  Know I need to listen more in wellness to learn on our health.Image result for protein synthesis image DNAhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzBGa8KnM3Q

The Mandela Effect – Jacob Dickinson

The Mandela effect is the same thing as false memory, except it is more popular. This means that if you put together a small group of people, they will likely have the same false memory. I chose this topic because it is popular with many students at ISM. This controversial issue is important because misunderstanding something can lead to confusion or misinterpretation. This will likely affect teenagers because the Mandela effect is a part of pop culture, which you can find in several places on the internet. Given the fact that teens are growing up in the digital age, they will likely come across the topic at some point. The Mandela effect probably began with collective memory. Collective memory is when a memory is told or passed down to another person. If a memory that was passed down is false, that could popularize the false memory, and create a new Mandela effect.

I learned that the temporal lobe in the brain is responsible for the misconceptions. Some interesting facts about this issue are:

  • The name Mandela Effect comes from Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa. Many people were confused when he died in 2013, because many remember him dying in prison in the 1980’s.
  • Blogger Fiona Broome created the term Mandela Effect from the confusion of the South African president’s death. In 2013, she launched the official Mandela Effect website, where she showed different examples of the phenomenon.
  • Popular examples of the Mandela effect are Oscar Mayer/Oscar Meyer, Looney Toons/Looney Tunes, Berenstain/Berenstein Bears and Philippines (Under Japan/Taiwan)

This personally affects me because I have always believed that the cartoon was spelled Looney Toons, and was amazed when I found out that I have been wrong the whole time. This is a problem because Mandela effects that go unnoticed will be passed on again and again, and false information will become true, even if it is not true at all. The most simple solution is to just double check. All you have to do is just read or watch it again. My opinion on this issue is that it is a very interesting psychology issue, and I can understand why it is so popular on the internet. I would like my class to know about this because we need to fully understand everything, even if it is just a wrong letter or an incorrect movie quote.

An example of a Mandela effect; many remember Kit-Kat with a dash, while in reality, the dash never existed


Art of Living, Technique of Breathing : by Anya

I grew up watching my parents and grandparents practicing this technique and because my family is VERY devoted to Guruji. My grandparents happened to go for his discourse and then started practicing the art of flushing out toxins with his breathing technique. In addition to the breathing, he also preached about how serving others invokes positivity in your own life by creating positive energy and making all your dreams come true. I understand that positivity is the core of our existence. We are all made of cells of happiness. That is why a baby doesn’t know negative emotions like hate, anger, worry, bias etc. when it is born. I did the course myself at the age of 8 and experienced tremendous joy. This issue is relevant to every creature in existence because everyone seeks happiness. This affects teenagers because at this age kids go through a lot of different types of stress and problems and it is important to clear our minds. This breathing exercise helps us release our stress and be positive. When we are positive in our subconscious, it results in a positive aura around us and makes all our dreams come true!

I have learned that I need to flush my stress out on a daily basis and be happy and positive always. I am learning that we need to be rid of stress and negative energy all the time. It is pretty fascinating how a simple breathing technique can make your life magic. Its amazing how it actually works and how just through breathing and service you can make yourself a more successful person in life. The biggest misunderstanding is that it is about religion or a cult. Its only about knowledge and service. The results can only be seen if you’re disciplined and do this exercise everyday. The solution is to be around people who are regular about it and help you stay on track.